• 0 Skip hire Warlingham and south Croydon

    0.00 of 0 votes

    Your search for the best value skip hire in Warlingham is over. Now let us continue the search for you and instantly find you the best price for your local skip from our extensive nationwide database. Wastebusters Skip Hire is the UK’s most effective skip hire company. Why? Our directory of skip hire service suppliers includes Warlingham and allows you to order your skip at the most competitive price, 24 hours a day – 7 days a week. Cheap on price, but not on service! Let us know your skip hire requirements and get your instant book now price. Pay securely with us online… and that’s it, you're done. No more time wasted trawling the local telephone directory and internet search engines, and no more worries for you. All of our suppliers are professionals’ and have the required Waste Carriers Licence and qualifications to make your Warlingham skip hire experience simple and effective. Find It – Book It – Skip It MEETING YOUR REQUIREMENTS WASTEBUSTERS  have many years of knowledge within the skip hire, waste management and recycling industry. All skip sizes are available, these include Mini, Midi, Maxi & Roll on/off (see our extensive size guide for help with your skip choice). In addition to various skip sizes, we also offer different types of skip including enclosed and drop end. Should a road permit be required, we can also arrange this. Rest assured, we have exactly what you are looking for… Skips, Service, Solutions & Satisfaction. There are many reasons for hiring a skip, and we’ve yet to find one that we couldn’t help with. We supply to both domestic and commercial sectors. Undertakings including extensions, renovations, clearances (house, garden, garage and factory), new builds, demolitions, event hire waste management, landscaping. WARLINGHAM SKIP HIRE SIZES 2 Yard skip - mini, 3 Yard skip – midi, 4 Yard skip - midi, 6 Yard skip – builders, 8 Yard skip – builders, 10 Yard skip - maxi, 12 Yard skip - maxi, 14 Yard skip - maxi, 16 Yard skip - maxi, 20 Yard skip – rollon/off, 40 Yard skip – rollon/off, Go to our size guide for more info.SKIP HIRE IN WARLINGHAM  

  • 0 Skip hire in Croydon, Sutton, Coulsdon, Caterham, Mitcham, Epsom

    0.00 of 0 votes

    WasteBusters Skip Hire Croydon offer cheap waste management and skip hire solutions. Skip hire Croydon - reliable service see our face book review  Skip hire Coulsdon - we can do same day delivery and collection  Skip hire Purley - when you hire a skip rest assured all our skips are fully tested Skip hire Mitcham - skips are always collected on time see our feedback Skips for hire in Epsom - we provide a good service for trade or domestic skip hire 10 Questions for Skip Hire Croydon  Thinking about hiring a skip in London? There are a few things you should consider before picking up the phone to your local skip hire company… 1. Where will you put the skip? Skips can be placed on the road or off the road depending on space available and local parking restrictions.If you have space for a skip off the road, make sure access is at least 10 feet (3.3 metres) wide to allow the skip lorry to drive in and unload.If it’s going on the road, check that there are no parking restrictions such as yellow lines or red routes that prevent you from having one, and that there is sufficient space for the skip lorry to park and unload. 2. What can you put in the skip? Skips are designed for general bulky waste not hazardous materialsHazardous items (such as fridges, asbestos, paint, fluorescent tubes, gas canisters, oil, computer monitors and old TV sets) need to be disposed of separately and should not be put into the skip. Visit www.environment-agency.co.uk for a full list of hazardous waste products.Remember that if you’re hiring a skip in London on behalf of a friend, DIY helper or your builder, it’s your responsibility to inform the London skip hire company about the types of waste that will be placed in the skip. 3. How long do you need to hire the skip for? Can you complete your project in one day or will you need a skip over a period of days?Make sure you are clear with your skip hire company about how long you will need it, because you don’t want your skip being removed too soon. On the other hand, remember that more days typically cost more money, so it may be more cost effective to get some help loading the waste to reduce the time you hire it for.Equally, if it’s important the skip is removed from your property before a certain date, make sure that you get a clear commitment from the skip hire company about when they will remove it because some skip companies have a habit of forgetting! 4. Do you need lamps and a cover if it’s kept overnight? Any skip left overnight on a public highway must be lit and also may need to be covered to ensure no contents can spill out into the road. Covering your skip up overnight is also a very good way of discouraging your nieghbours from using it for their junk too!Your skip hire company should provide you with appropriate lamps and a cover but be aware that, as the person hiring the skip, you may be liable for a fine if your local authority isn’t satisfied with the compliance of your skip. For further information on legislative issues regarding skip hire see Section 139 of the Highways Act 1980 and Section 65 of the Road Traffic Regulations Act 1984. 5. Do you need a skip permit in London? If you’re planning on putting the skip on a road you’ll need a London skip permit.A skip permit needs to be in place before your skip is delivered and you will liable to fine if you don’t.Skip permits are issued by your local council. Depending on the council, applications for skip permits are made by you or the company providing the skipIt normally takes at least a few days to arrange a skip permit, so allow for this in your planning or, if your waste needs to be removed more urgently, you may need to consider an alternative solution such as waste busters rubbish skip hire rubbish clearance team Rates vary by London borough (see Table below) and typically are charged by the day. 6. Do you need a parking suspension in London? In addition to a London skip permit, if you have permit parking in your street, you will require a parking bay suspension from your local council. These also can take a few days to arrange, so if your waste removal is urgent you may have to delay it, pay a premium for a fast process, or seek an alternative.The cost of a parking suspension varies hugely between London boroughs, ranging from zero to a whopping £90 per day in Islington.London skip permit and parking suspension rates Borough Permit Duration Parking DurationBarking & Dagenham £15.97 14 days £ – IncludedBarnet £39.00 14 days £40.00 Per dayBexley £16.00 14 days £5.00 Per dayBrent £19.00 14 days £10.00 Per dayBromley £30.00 14 days £25.00 Per weekCamden £35.00 7 days £ – IncludedCity of London £ – – £ – –Croydon £28.00 14 days £50.00 Per dayEaling £20.00 30 days £10.00 30 daysEnfield £45.00 30 days £15.00 Per dayGreenwich £32.00 28 days £54.00 Per dayHackney £14.98 14 days £12.00 Per dayHammersmith & Fulham £59.00 Per month £27.00 Per dayHaringey £40.00 Per day £ – IncludedHarrow £30.00 Per month £30.00 Per dayHavering £39.00 14 days £15.00 Per dayHillingdon £16.00 14 days £ – IncludedHounslow £40.00 14 days £30.00 Per dayIslington £63.00 Per month £90.00 Per dayKensington & Chelsea £74.00 Per day £27.00 Per dayKingston £39.00 Per month £15.00 Per dayLambeth £29.50 Per month £11.00 Per monthLewisham £27.00 Per month £10.00 Per dayMerton £25.00 14 days £42.00 14 daysNewham £30.00 7 days Meter –Redbridge £25.00 Per month £25.00 Per dayRichmond £42.00 Per month £ – IncludedSouthwark £50.00 28 days £75.00 Per daySutton £35.00 14 days £ – IncludedTower Hamlets £16.60 7 days £15.00 Per dayWaltham Forest £45.00 14 days £50.00 Min ChargeWandsworth £26.00 Per day £29.00 Per dayWestminster £78.00 Per day £38.00 Per dayPermit & parking costs show minimum charges and may be the sum of two or more separate fees. Parking charges only apply to skips placed in a controlled parking zone and vary from street to street – lowest charge shown for first day (costs may reduce for subsequent days). Some councils only issue permits to skip hire companies and usually charge these companies additional fees. No open skips are permitted in the Municipal boundary of the City of London. Information correct at time of writing. Source: WASTEBUSTERS skip hire  (August 2010) 7. What size skip should you order? Skips come in a variety of sizes. The table below sets out the most common sized skips available in London together with an indication of how many full bin bags they could fit in them.To determine what size skip to order, you’ll need to take into account how much waste you think you have, any space constraints you have on site, and also the period of time you think you it will take to generate the waste (because this will affect things like skip permits and parking suspensions).Larger skips – assuming you fill them – work out cheaper per cubic yard and it pays to be generous in your estimate of the volume you require so you don’t end up having to order a second skip.However, if you are considering hiring a large skip, be aware that the Highways Act states a maximum of 16ft 5in x 6ft7in is allowed on the road and many London authorities have smaller on road limits, so check first.When loading, remember that your skip can only be filled level to the top – suppliers face prosecution for unsafe or overweight loads.London skip sizes London Skip Hire Sizes Skip Volume Size Bin Bags Price(common sizes) (cu yds) (lxwxh) (to fill skip) (inc VAT)Mini Skip 2 4x3x3ft 25 £140Mini Skip 3 5x4x3ft 30 £150Midi Skip 4 6x4x3ft 35 £180Builders’ Skip 6 10x4x4ft 50 £220Builders’ Skip 8 12x6x4ft 80 £250Large Skip 12 13x6x6ft 110 £270Roll-on Roll-off 18 20x8x6ft 150 £360Roll-on Roll-off 30 20x8x8ft 200 £430Roll-on Roll-off 40 20x8x9ft 300 £500Figures are approximated. Source: wastebusters skip hire  (August 2010) 8. How much should you expect to pay to hire a skip in London? The Table above shows an indicative range for the various skips sizes in London for a hire period of one to two weeks. Please note that these rates include VAT but exclude the cost of any skip permit or parking suspension.Most London skip hire companies allow you to keep the skip for one or two weeks and will charge extra for extended periods.Actual rates vary widely depending on the operator, time of year, day of the week, type of waste and location. 9. Which London skip hire company should you use? There are numerous skip hire operators in London – searching for ‘Skip Hire London’ on Google will bring up a long list.Other than checking they are legitimate (see Question 10 below), the key questions to focus on are price, speed of response, and to what extent that can guarantee collection date.10. How can you check that the London skip hire company is legitimate? As a householder, you are liable for fines of up to £5000 if you hand your waste over to a non-authorised waste carrier.Unfortunately there are still a few rogue operators renting out skips in London so to make sure you’re not dealing with one of them we recommend you ask for the following:i. Waste carrier’s license number – proving that they are properly registered with the Environment Agency to remove wasteii. A written ‘duty of care’ waste transfer note – detailing the transfer of waste from you to themiii. A copy of their public liability insurance – to ensure that if they damage your property they have appropriate cover in place. Wastebusters skip hire HAVE all the right thing she in place weather is a skip you hire or our rubbish collection service one call WASTEBUSTERS does it all    Skip hire in Croydon can be arranged very fast and at a good rate we also can arrange road permits if you do not have off road parking in Croydon or use our waIt and load service we wait you load no road permits necessary 07707 469270   

  • 0 Skip hire Croydon

    0.00 of 0 votes

    Our Skip Size Guide has been prepared to help you choose the best skip size for your waste requirements. for skip hire in Croydon  WASTEBUSTERS skip hire Croydon are committed to ensuring that all of our customers receive a professional skip hire service, high recycling rates and value for money, so helping you decide on the right skip size is an essential part of our service. Scroll down the Size Guide below to see the range of different skip sizes available to hire, in coydon the waste suitability for each skip, the types of projects they are best suited to and the approximate weight they can carry. If you are inexperienced when it comes to ordering skips or if you just need some further guidance in choosing your skip size, then please do not hesitate to call us and a member of our specialist team will be happy to advise you based on your requirements. 07707469270  Click here for more Guidance notes. below is for illustration purposes only and exact skip dimensions may vary. 4yd4 Yard Skips - Skip Hire croydon METRIC IMPERIALLENGTH 1.8 5’8″WIDTH 1.22 4′HEIGHT 0.96 3’1″Suitable for all general waste ideal for garage / garden waste, useful in areas with limited access Order Now6yd6 Yard Skip - Skip Hire Croydon METRIC IMPERIALLENGTH 2.6 8’4″WIDTH 1.52 4’8″HEIGHT 1.22 4′Suitable for all general waste, hardcore and inert material, available with low ends for easy access. Order Now8yd8 Yard Skip - Skip Hire croydonMETRIC IMPERIALLENGTH 3.2 10’4″WIDTH 1.75 4’8″HEIGHT 1.22 4′Suitable for all general waste, hardcore and inert material, available with low ends for easy access. Order Now 14Yard rubbish clearance truck METRIC IMPERIALLENGTH 3.7 12’1″WIDTH 1.75 5’6″HEIGHT 1.68 5’4″Suitable for light, bulky waste only e.g. furniture, wood, card, paper, plastic etc. Especially good for house clearance. Order Now skip,hire in Croydon 

  • 0 4 yard skip for hire for your skip hire needs in Croydon

    3.50 of 2 votes

    Why Is 4 Yard Skip Hire The Perfect Option For DIY Garden Work in Croydon  Posted in wastebustersskiphire Croydon  Today, when it comes to performing any kind of work on your garden in Croydon there are a range of different options available. Most of us will even choose to avoid the work all together, and leave it to a professional landscaper and gardener to sort out in the first place. However, there is still something incredibly enjoyable about getting thick gloves on and getting to work on your own garden. If you are about to undertake any kind of DIY garden work, then getting your hands on a 4 yard skip could be a fantastic option. Dealing with the waste in Croydon can be one of the most difficult parts of any DIY work. With wastebusters Croydon  skip hire, you can completely rid yourself of this worry. Why Do You Need A 4-Yard Skip For Your DIY Garden Project? One of the things that put many people off from relying on skip hire is the fact that it isn’t suitable for all kinds of waste. This includes products like electrical equipment, tyres and any kind of hazardous material. Fortunately, however, the waste that is likely to be created by a garden project is perfect for a skip. A 4 yard skip is essential as it allows all these kinds of waste in great quantities without becoming too heavy for the skip hire vehicle to lift. Just some of the common forms of waste that could be created during your project could include: Organic waste, including plant life, grass and soil.Wood and metal.Plastics.Domestic waste.Building or foundation rubble.With a 4-yard skip, you can ensure that this waste is safely and responsibly disposed of. Making a dozen, or even more, trips to your local waste authority can really eat up your free time and the budget you’ve given yourself for the project. As they are much smaller than traditional builders’ skips, they are also much more likely to fit on your private property. Not only will that improve your access to the skip, but it will mean that you needn’t apply for a skip permit which can speed up your project and release a lot of limitations. How Much Is A 4 Yard Skip Likely To Cost? When it comes to pricing, 4 yard skips are affordable solutions that can provide real benefits to any kind of project. The price will change based on a range of different project requirements, including length of hire and delivery dates, but here at WASTEBUSTERS Skip Hire ltd we are dedicated to offering the lowest price possible. Choose Skip Hire UK For Reliable 4 Yard Skip Hire Here at wastebusters Skip Hire ltd we can provide 4 yard skip hire across Croydon and surrounding areas We focus on providing completely reliable services for any kind of project, including commercial clear outs and DIY projects. If one of our midi skips isn’t large enough for your needs, we are able to provide a full range of skips, of various sizes, to ensure that you can complete your project in record time. To hire one of our fantastic skips today, get in touch with our team on 07707469270Alternatively, you can use our website to get an easy, instant quote for your skip hire service.

  • 0 History of skips and some tips to help save money and the planet from WASTEBUSTERS skip hire

    5.00 of 1 votes

    The History of Skips by WASTEBUSTERS skip hire Croydon    The sight of a standard skip sitting on a building site in the United Kingdom is one that many people would take for granted, simply walking by without giving the sight much thought or consideration. However this critical addition to the construction industry has an interesting and colourful history that few are familiar with but that marks an important development in British industry. Many people mistakenly attribute the invention of the skip to waste industry magnate Richard Biffa in the 1970s, claiming that the addition was made as a way of diversifying the Biffa company into commercial waste collection. The actual origin of the skip, however, came a little earlier. As with many 20th Century inventions, the skip was a product of post World War Two necessity and the original concept was actually imported from Germany before appearing in the U.K. during the sixties. With the economy still struggling after the war, it became impractical for tipper drivers to wait idly whilst their vehicles were loaded with waste. Furthermore, in the absence of a better solution, construction rubblee was left to pile up until it could eventually be collected, creating a hazardous working environment for both builders and the general public. With time and money being wasted and safety concerns mounting, a new solution was devised by the firm George Cross and Co. and the foundations for the invention of the modern skip were laid with the intention of improving efficiency and safety in the construction and waste industries. The introduction of the skip allowed waste to be contained safely and then when it was time for collection, the tipper driver could simply load the filled skip itself onto his vehicle, rather than loading the waste bit by bit, consequently saving a significant amount of valuable time for businesses struggling in the post war climate. With manpower hours freed up and business efficiency improved, the idea of the skip quickly became commonplace in the waste and construction industries and although the item may be taken for granted today, the item made a massive contribution to Britain’s recovery from World War Two and remains just as valuable and necessary today.     The environment is at the forefront of most people’s minds these days, so if you are interested in reducing your carbon footprint, you might be wondering how to make your home more eco-friendly. Here are some helpful tips to make your property more environmentally sound. Insulation Improving your home’s insulation is one of the best ways to make your home more eco-friendly. By increasing the insulation in your loft, cavity walls and around pipes, you will retain more warmth which will save you money on your heating bills as well as lowering your carbon footprint. Use Reclaimed and Recycled Materials When adding features or furniture to your property, consider using reclaimed materials or those which are made from recycled products. Choose Solar Panels Harnessing solar energy is a great way of making your home more eco-friendly and it can even make you money in the long run as you can sell the energy produced to the National Grid. Install Double or Triple Glazing A phenomenal amount of heat is lost through your home’s windows, so you can cut your energy bills and reduce your carbon footprint at the same time by investing in double or even triple glazing for your property. Use Energy Saving Lightbulbs One of the cheapest and easiest ways to save money and the environment at the same time is to consider switching your standard lightbulbs to energy saving ones. Put Up Thicker Curtains Even if you can’t afford to invest in new windows, you can still consider the environment when choosing new curtains. Thermal drapes will help to lower the amount of energy needed to heat your rooms. Turn Down The Thermostat It has been proved that lowering your home’s thermostat by just one degree will help you make savings on your heating bill while significantly reducing the amount of energy your property consumes every year. Consider A Water Saving Shower Head Saving water is one way of making your home more eco-friendly, and an easy way of doing this is to switch your standard shower head for a water-saving one. You won’t notice the difference when you wash, but you’ll see savings if you use a water meter and you’ll be helping to protect the environment.  

  • 0 6 yard skip hire Purley and Coulsdon

    0.00 of 0 votes

    Why Is 6 Yard Skip Hire The Perfect Option For DIY Garden Work in Purley and Coulsdon  Posted in wastebustersskiphire Croydon Today, when it comes to performing any kind of work on your garden in purley and Coulsdon there are a range of different options available. Most of us will even choose to avoid the work all together, and leave it to a professional landscaper and gardener to sort out in the first place. However, there is still something incredibly enjoyable about getting thick gloves on and getting to work on your own garden. If you are about to undertake any kind of DIY garden work, then getting your hands on a 6 yard skip could be a fantastic option. Dealing with the waste in purlet and Coulsdon can be one of the most difficult parts of any DIY work. With wastebusters Croydon skip hire, you can completely rid yourself of this worry. Why Do You Need A 6 Yard Skip For Your DIY Garden Project? One of the things that put many people off from relying on skip hire is the fact that it isn’t suitable for all kinds of waste. This includes products like electrical equipment, tyres and any kind of hazardous material. Fortunately, however, the waste that is likely to be created by a garden project is perfect for a skip. A 6 yard skip is essential as it allows all these kinds of waste in great quantities without becoming too heavy for the skip hire vehicle to lift. Just some of the common forms of waste that could be created during your project could include: Organic waste, including plant life, grass and soil.Wood and metal.Plastics.Domestic waste.Building or foundation rubble.With a 6 yard skip, you can ensure that this waste is safely and responsibly disposed of. Making a dozen, or even more, trips to your local waste authority can really eat up your free time and the budget you’ve given yourself for the project. A 6 yard skip will hold lots of waste they are the most popular skip to hire in south London also much more likely to fit on your private property. Not only will that improve your access to the skip, but it will mean that you needn’t apply for a skip permit which can speed up your project and release a lot of limitations. How Much Is 6 Yard Skip Likely To Cost? When it comes to pricing, 6 yard skips are affordable solutions that can provide real benefits to any kind of project. here at WASTEBUSTERS Skip Hire ltd we are dedicated to offering the lowest price possible. Choose WASTEBUSTERS skip Hire purley and Coulsdon For Reliable 6 Yard Skip Hire Here at wastebusters Skip Hire ltd we can provide 6 yard skip hire across Croydon and surrounding areas We focus on providing completely reliable services for any kind of project, including commercial clear outs and DIY projects. If one of our midi skips isn’t large enough for your needs, we are able to provide a full range of skips, of various sizes, to ensure that you can complete your project in record time. To hire one of our fantastic skips today, get in touch with our team on 07707469270 alternatively you can use our website to get an easy, instant quote for your skip hire in purley and Coulsdon  EditWatch this pageRead in another languageCoulsdonCoulsdonBarclay's Bank, Coulsdon - geograph.org.uk - 1000058.jpgBrighton RoadCoulsdon is located in Greater London CoulsdonCoulsdon Coulsdon shown within Greater LondonPopulation 25,695 (2011 Census)[1]OS grid reference TQ3059London borough CroydonCeremonial county Greater LondonRegion LondonCountry EnglandSovereign state United KingdomPost town COULSDONPostcode district CR5Dialling code 02001737Police MetropolitanFire LondonAmbulance LondonEU Parliament LondonUK Parliament Croydon SouthLondon Assembly Croydon and SuttonList of places UK England London Coulsdon (/ˈkuːlzdən/, traditionally pronounced /ˈkoʊlzdən/) is a town in south London, mainly within the London Borough of Croydon, with parts of Coulsdon also falling under the London Borough of Sutton and Reigate & Banstead. It is south of Croydon's historic boundaries at Purley and is approximately 13 miles (20.9 km) from Charing Cross. ContentsHistory Edit A topological view of Coulsdon, showing the various hill and valleys.The location forms part of the North Downs. The hills contain chalk and flint. Several dry valleys with natural underground drainage merge and connect to the relict headwater system of the River Wandle named 'River Bourne'.[2][3] Although the Bourne river floods periodically, the soil is generally dry and is the watershed which has constituted a natural route way across the Downs for early populations. Fossil records exist from the Pleistocene period(4m years ago)[4] There is evidence of human occupation from the Neolithic period, Iron Age,[5][6] Anglo-Saxon,[7][8][9][10] Bronze Age,[11][12] Roman and Medieval[13] 675. Frithwald, an Ealdorman and viceroy of King Wulfhere of Mercia gave land at Cuthraedesdune to Chertsey Abbey.[14][15][16] It appears as Colesdone in the Domesday Book.[17][18][19]1537. The Dissolution of the monasteries passed ownership to the King.The Taunton Manor, in the 1535 Valor Ecclesiasticus is recorded having an annual rent accruing to the House (Hospital) of St. Thomas of Acre from the Manor of "Tauntons" was 100ss and approximately 450 acres (180 ha) of wood belonged to it valued at a yearly rent of 12d. per acre. In 1545 Henry VIII granted two homes with land in Whattingdon manor, Coulsdon: Welcombes and Lawrences to Sir John Gresham, the manor having been owned by Chertsey Abbey in the 8th century when it was recorded as Whatindone until the English Reformation in the 16th century.[20] The Whattingdon Manor was granted to Sir John Gresham, the manor having been owned by Chertsey Abbey in the 8th century when it was recorded as Whatindone until the English Reformation in the 16th century.[20] 1553 The Coulsdon Manor were granted or sold to various families, including Sir Nicholas Carew(1553) Sir Francis Carew(1557),[20] Jerome Weston, 2nd Earl of Portland, Sir Richard Mason, Sir Edward Darcy, Sir Robert Darcy, Sir Edward Bouverie (see Earl of Radnor).1782 to 1921. Owned by three generations of the Byron family, who has already purchased the sub-manor of Hooley.[20][21][22]1801 The Byron family moved to live at Hooley House.1838. Byron sold a large amount of land to the 'London to Brighton railway company'. Byron moves from Hooley House to Portnall's Farm.1850 Hartley Farm was demolished and Coulsdon Court was built by Thomas Byron. It was said to be constructed of the last bricks to be made locally at Crossways (at Coulsdon Road, Old Coulsdon).[23] In 1854, to avoid the Court, he adjusted the paths of some local roads, and created a gated drive from the public road.1863 Edmund Byron inherited the title. After his use of the Enclosure acts were curtailed when he lost a case 1877 at the Court of Chancery,[24][25][26] large areas were sold in 1883 to the Corporation of London.[27][28][29][30] The importance of this event was reported in The Times.[31] He also sold and gave away various plots.[32]In 1921, Edmund Byron died. The remaining lands owned by the Byrons were sold. Land and manorial rights were passed to the Purley and Coulsdon Urban District Council.[33]For many centuries, the lands contained several farms and manors and only on the coming of its branch railway were a few wealthy people from outside of the traditional borders attracted to build grand houses, by 19th century descriptions, such as: This parish, which is situated on the road from London to Brighton, occupies an elevated position, and commands extensive and varied prospects. — S. Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England, 1848[34]Until 1921, the Byron family had largely maintained this tradition, despite sales of earlier land. The sales in the 1860s increased the number of landowners. Most housing in Smitham (Bottom/Valley) and the clustered settlement of Old Coulsdon, as well as the narrower valley between them, was built in the 80 years from 1890 to 1970. The area developed mixed suburban and in its centre urban housing: The whole aspect of the parish has been completely transformed during the last twenty years by building. It was a little while ago entirely rural with a few new houses scattered along the line of the railway and up the valley towards Caterham, whence another deep depression in the chalk runs down to Smitham Bottom. Now there are continuous rows of villas and cottages and shops from Croydon to south of Coulsdon station. — Victoria County History, vol. 4, 1912[20]The valley and routes in Smitham Bottom encouraged some early settlements. An Inn at the 'Red Lion' appears in the Bainbridge map of 1783. The coming of the railway and improved road links encouraged buildings along the sides of the major roadways and close to the stations. Since 1921. the sales of the old estate lands have replaced a countryside of discrete farms, with thousands of suburban dwellings. Coulsdon segregated its long-haul from its short-haul traffic by gaining the Farthing Way A23 bypass, which opened in December 2006[35] as part of the Coulsdon Town Centre Improvement Scheme. Economy Edit In the first two decades of the second millennium, Coulsdon's retail area lost Woolworth's and the bookstore on Brighton Road and opened The Pembroke[36] and Caffé Nero. Waitrose has a longstanding branch in the centre, and Tesco Express opened in the period mentioned. A planned Sainsbury's with apartments above has been singled out for note by periodical New London Architecture.[37] Aldi opened a branch in Coulsdon in 2015. Coulsdon has few large company head offices but substantial storage and technology premises. One notable head office is that of Jane's Information Group. Quarrying Edit The Hall family had been active in the Croydon area as coal and lime merchants since the 18th. In 1853 they leased an area of land in Coulsdon. In 1864 they close their quarries at Merstham and increased their quarrying for chalk and flints and use of Lime kilns in Coulsdon.[38][39] This quarry at Coulsdon (Marlpit Lane) was named the 'Stoats Nest Quarry'. The works had its own internal railway system which connected to nearby main lines. In 1898, Hall were refused permission (by their landlord) to build cement works on the Coulsdon site.[40] The lime principally supplied for waterworks, gas works and tanneries. Demand reduced in 1902 when the Army changed from leather to webbing equipment. And in 1905 there was no longer demand from the gasworks. Between 1905 and 1910 chalk was supplied for the Hall's cement works at Beddington.[41] In 1905, 13,000 tons of chalk were sent by rail from Coulsdon.[40] By 1918, it was processing lime for use as fertilizer.[42] In 1920, the Hall company purchased 102 acres from their landlord, Byron. This offered their full benefit of the railways, kilns on the land.[43] Halls maintained a trading depot in the Marlpit Lane quarry from 1923. It was named the "Ullswater trading estate". The limeworks closed in 1961.[38] Place name Edit The town's spelling, pronunciation and location have changed. Coulsdon originally referred to the area now known as Old Coulsdon. The name derives from Cuðrædsdun via Cullesdone pre-1130, Culesdone pre-1190, Cullisdon 1242, Culesdene 1255, Colendone c1270, Kulisdon 1279, Collesdon 1288, Cullesdon 1323, Colleston 1324, Coulesdon 1346, Cullysdon 1377, Colynsdon 1428, Colysdon 1439, Collysdon 1563, Cowlesdon 1557, Coulsdon 1597, Cowisden 1604, Couldisdon 1610, Couldesdon 1675, Culsdon 1678, Colsdon 1724.[44][45] Additional variations include Curedesdone 675, Cudredesdone 675, Cudredesdune 967, Coulsdon 1083, Colesdone 1085, Culesdon 1234, Culisdon 1242, Cudredestreow 1251, Cullesdon 1266, Colesdene 1287, Colesdon 1290, Colesdun 1290, Culesdon 1291, Culesden 1292, Colieston 1324, Coulesden 1326, Coueleston 1332, Colisdon 1344, Culeston 1346, Cullysdon 1377, Cullisdoun 1403, Cullesdoun 1422, Culledon 1424, Colynsdon 1428, Collesdon 1439, Culsdon 1446, Cowlesdon 1539, Collesden 1544, Cowlesdowne 1553, Cullesdoy 1556, Colsdon 1558, Cowlesden 1558, Cullesden 1558, Cowllysdon 1567, Cowisden 1618, Coulsden 1619, Cowsdon 1620, Coolsden 1650, Coulesden 1650, Coilsoun 1655, Coulden 1655.[46][47] The widely accepted origin of the name is ‘hill of a man called Cūthrǣd’, (from OE pers. name + dūn, a hill).[8] Alternatively the name originates from the Celtic or primitive Welsh "cull", meaning a leather bag, scrotum, bosom, womb or belly.[48][49][50] The current town centre appears as Leydown Cross(1738)[51] or Leaden Cross(1800)[52][53] and Smitham Bottom.[54] In 1905, the parish council, and then the Post Office renamed "Smitham bottom" as "Coulsdon".[55][56] The name "Smitham Bottom" has also changed. Smetheden (1331), Smithdenbottom (1536), Smythedean(e)(1548), Smythden Bottom (1588), Smitham Bottom (1719)[54][57] Localities Edit Coulsdon is a largely suburban district of London. The central area has substantial industrial, automotive and distribution services, convenience, standard socialising and niche retail as well as local professions of a typical town in the country, by its main road and main railway stations: Coulsdon South and Coulsdon Town. The alternate centre, Old Coulsdon, has a recreation ground/cricket pitch-focused village green, a much smaller parade of shops than Coulsdon's high street between Coulsdon South and Town stations and a medieval church. London's 'Brighton Road', locally the official name, and the railways, served by both semi-fast and stopping services, give Smitham Bottom/Valley a bustling, busier setting for economic life. Old Coulsdon EditOld Coulsdon occupies the south-east of the district.[58] Scattered, rather than clustered are six listed buildings, for their national heritage and architectural value, at Grade II. Two categories above this, in the highest class, Grade I is the Church of St John the Evangelist here. This is by the recreation ground, shortly after Marlpit Lane has been joined by Coulsdon Road, from the north. St John's is late thirteen century with extensive later additions, made of flint and rubble with much brick patching. Its nave spans two (window) bays. Older still is its "good" chancel of 1250 with stepped sedilia and piscina. The west tower above the entrance is of circa 1400 with corner buttresses and a tapering broach spire. A nave at right angles, replacing the south aisle; in decorated style was designed for its 1958 construction by J B S Comper.[59] Smitham Bottom or Valley EditAt the heart of the geographical feature Smitham Bottom (where three dry valleys merge into one)[20] is this downtown part of the district. Most commerce and industry is here, set beside the Brighton Road, which is since 2006 a town centre arc of the A23 road and on Chipstead Valley Road which terminates half way along the arc, leading directly to Woodmansterne. The various local feeder roads reach this street, including the combined one from the south-east, Marlpit Lane, under the A23 without needing a junction with that trunk (long-distance) route (which later becomes the M23). The soil is dry, and water was obtained even in 1912 by deep wells here in the chalk. This dry valley in the chalk, Smitham Bottom, has a watercourse below, the water of which in until the 16th century occasionally in times of flood ran here but after this, inexplicably, waits to break out as far as at the foot of the chalk in Croydon and Beddington, running through it.[20] The Marlpit business and industrial estate EditMarlpit (a former chalk quarry) is the town's Marlpit Industrial / Business Park estate, which is strong in storage, distribution and technology. The Mount or Clockhouse EditThe Mount or Clockhouse is a square neighbourhood on a hill plateau with marked borders along three residential roads from Coulsdon, one of which continues from the town centre as the London Loop path, via the Banstead Downs and East Ewell to Nonsuch Palace 4 miles (6.4 km) north-west. It shares its local authority with that place as it is part of the London Borough of Sutton.[60] Coulsdon Woods EditThis neighbourhood is a loosely defined residential part of Coulsdon, equally on undulating ground. Cane Hill EditThis area forms the area of the former buildings and grounds of Cane Hill Hospital. An approved development of the former site of Cane Hill Hospital by Barratt Developments may start in 2014, which if so, will create over six hundred new dwellings. In 2013, Barratt published a Public Consultation document[61] and report of feedback.[62] Resident's protests and concerns relate to the likely effect on local infrastructure, including access routes, the proposed mix of housing, transport and the provision of educational services.[63][64][65] Open spaces Edit In 1883, to prevent further loss of Common lands arising from the Inclosure Acts, the Corporation of London (under provisions of the Corporation of London (Open Spaces) Act, 1878), purchased from Squire Byron (Lord of the Manor of Coulsdon) Farthing Downs, Coulsdon Common and Kenley Common, to add to the earlier purchase of Riddlesdown Common.[28][29] The London Borough of Croydon own and maintain several parks, including Happy Valley, which, together with Farthing Downs, is designated is a Site of Special Scientific Interest.[66] Rickman Hill Park is the highest public park in London, at 155 metres above sea level. A memorial park and recreation ground was purchased from the Byrons by Coulsdon & Purley Urban District Council and Hall & Co Ltd in 1920, it was opened in 1921. The London Loop footpath passes through Happy Valley and Farthing Downs between Hamsey Green and Banstead. The Coulsdon section was the first of the 24 to be opened. Grange Park was obtained partly by Public Subscription but mostly by the Urban District Council in 1929 from the owners of the Coulsdon Court Golf Course. The land was sold for use as an open space or pleasure and recreation ground. Grange Park was formerly part of Squire Byrons Coulsdon Court Estate. Grange Park is situated in a designated conservation area in the heart of Old Coulsdon and incorporates a children's play area and recreational green space. In total, Grange Park represents local green space of around 8 acres. Friends of Grange Park, Old Coulsdon are fundraising to completely refurbish the old and run down children's play area. So far they have raised £38,000 to date and the cost of their project proposals which are now unveiled is £100,000. They must try to raise an ambitious £12,000 before December 2015, which will see them reach a milestone of 50% of their project costs and enable them to apply for the remaining project funds. Places of religious interest Edit Methodist Church, CoulsdonPlaces of worship include: St Mary and St Shenouda Coptic Orthodox Church.St Andrew's Anglican church. From 1914.St Aidan's Roman Catholic church[67] from 1964.[68]The Brighton Road Methodist church. From 1911.[68][69]CCF, Coulsdon Christian Fellowship[70]Beit Hallel Messianic Synagogue[71]St John's Anglican church (Old Coulsdon)[72]St Mary's Roman Catholic church (Old Coulsdon)[73]Old Coulsdon Congregational Church[74][75]Kingdom Hall of Jehovah's WitnessesLeisure Edit Athletics. The Old Coulsdon Hash House Harriers (or "OCH3") is a local hashing group.[76] Gordon Pirie (1931–1991), an English long-distance runner lived in Coulsdon and was a member of South London Harriers, one of the oldest and most successful athletics club in Britain. The club has been based in Coulsdon since 1913, and remains there to this day. The club competes in cross-country, road running and track and field events, and trains from its Coulsdon HQ three times a week. The club has been heavily involved in recent years in building an eight lane all weather running track at Woodcote School. It also has an active and successful triathlon section.[77] Bare-knuckle boxing fights were held at Smitham Bottom. Records exist of fights in 1788[78][79][80][81][82] and 1792.[83][84] Bowls. Played at the Marlpit Lane Recreation Ground since the 1920s. A separate team played at the Ashdown Park Hotel.[85] Chess.(from 1949)[86][87] Cricket. Old Coulsdon had one of the first cricket clubs in the world, founded in 1762. It was one of the strongest teams in the country in the late 18th and early 19th century and once boasted eight England internationals, as well as a young Stuart Surridge. The club was possibly the first to use three stumps and two bails and frequently played matches on the most famous early cricket grounds such as Mitcham, and later in Grange Park in the village. In 1995 falling player numbers forced the club to merge with the nearby Redhill Cricket Club, playing at the Ring on Earlswood Common in the Earlswood neighbourhood of Redhill as Redhill & Old Coulsdon Cricket Club. Cricket was originally played at 'Smitham Bottom' opposite the Red Lion. The first archived results come from a games was played in 1731(Surrey vs East Grinstead). A 'Cricket Shed' appears in Smitham Bottom as a fixed building in a map of 1785.[88] In the 1880s, this area became was built over, and the club moved to Old Coulsdon. From the 1920s, cricket was played at The Memorial Gardens. Cycling. Temperance Hotel.[89] Football. Coulsdon United Football Club participate in the Combined Counties League Division One. Golf. Played at Woodcote Park Golf Club(since 1920)[90] and at Coulsdon Manor.[91][92] Green bowls is available next door.[93] Ashdown Park Golf Club (now defunct) was founded in 1912. The club did not appear following WW1.[94] Horse riding is available on the downs. Coulsdon has wide and long pavements and indoor cafés from which to watch any of the London-Brighton rallies (vintage cars, minis, Land Rovers, vintage commercial vehicles, motorbikes, cycling etc.).[95] Hunting. Meetings of the 'Old Surrey Foxhounds' were held at the Red Lion from 1735 until 1908. In 1915, the hunt merged with Old Surrey Burstow and West Kent Hunt. Rugby Union. Purley John Fisher Rugby Football Club[96] at Parsons Pightle, Old Coulsdon. Chipstead Rugby CLub[97] play locally at The Meads, Chipstead, offering mini, youth, adult social and adult league rugby. Martial arts. The Coulsdon Martial Arts Club (also known as Yoshin Ryu) is long established and very popular with children and adults, founded and led by Errol Field, 12th dan Judo, 4th dan Karate, 6th dan Ju Jitsu. The club is well known for its annual cheese competition, giving away complimentary packets of Dairy Lea to local pensioners. It is on the site of what was originally a ‘tin’ church built by the Roman Catholic Church in 1916.[98] Theatre. 'Theatre Workshop Coulsdon' branched from the Croydon Youth Theatre Organisation in 1970 and operates from the Youth & Social Centre.[99] OtherThe Memorial Gardens has an adventure park, crazy golf, basketball, tennis, cricket and, in the summer, 'beach games' and events organised by the café. Grange Park in Old Coulsdon has a playground, football pitches.[100] Rickman Hill Park hosts football, and has a children's playground, a zip wire, and tennis courts that were refurbished in 2009. Demography Edit From 1889 until 1965 Coulsdon was in the administrative county of Surrey — between 1915 and 1965 the residents conferring additional local powers to Coulsdon and Purley Urban District. Under the London Government Act 1963 the London Borough of Croydon was formed. The United Kingdom Census 2011 recorded that the two wards: Coulsdon East (ward) and Coulsdon West (ward), divided by the A23 road contained respectively: 12,244 people living in 4,912 homes and 13,449 living in 4,793 homes. The percentage of the population who declared their health as very good was 47% and 51% respectively.[1] White British was the majority ethnic group in both wards: 80% and 70% of the population respectively.[101][102] Education Edit Chipstead Valley Primary SchoolCoulsdon Church of England Primary SchoolCoulsdon Sixth Form CollegeKeston Primary SchoolThe LodgeOasis Academy ByronOasis Academy Coulsdon[103]Smitham Primary SchoolSt. Aidan's R.C. Primary SchoolWattenden Primary SchoolWoodcote High SchoolWoodcote Primary SchoolNearest places Edit BansteadCarshaltonCaterhamCroydonKenleyOld CoulsdonPurleyReedhamSouth CroydonWallingtonRailway Edit 1804. The Surrey Iron Railway was enhanced by the "Coulsdon Merstham & Godstone Railway". These were horsedrawn railways which carried quarried materials and crops from Coulsdon and Merstham, and returned with fuel, metals and other materials.[104][105] To maintain a regular elevation at Coulsdon required large changes in direction and the construction of 20 ft embankments and a road bridge. Remnants of the 1805 railway embankment are still evident.[106][107] The railway closed in 1838 due to underuse.[108] A bridge over the Chipstead Valley road was demolished as dangerous in 1854.[109] 1841. The London & Brighton Railway line opened.[110] 1856. The Caterham railway opened. Initially intended to serve residents of Old Coulsdon, a station named 'Coulsdon' opened; later to be renamed 'Kenley'. 1893. Authorisation was given for a new (second) line to be built between Purley and Kingwood. This was the Chipstead Valley Railway which was later extended to become the Tattenham Corner line. Constructed by the South Eastern Railway in 1896, it opened in 1897 as a single-track line. 1900. The main line between Croydon and Coulsdon was widened. A new (third) line was opened added named the Quarry Line between Coulsdon North and Earlswood (bypassing Redhill). Constructed 1898–9. The line involved engineering work including cuttings, embankments and a covered way at Cane Hill Hospital.[111] 1923. Various station names changes, following amalgamations between various Railway companies. Railway stations' names: Stoats Nest (1841-1856). Located over 500 yards to the north of the current stations. Closed December 1856. On the London-Brighton line.[112][113]Coulsdon South. Named 'Coulsdon' (1889), 'Coulsdon and Cane Hill' (1896), 'Coulsdon East' (1923), 'Coulsdon South' (1929). Located on the original London and Brighton Railway.[112]Coulsdon North. Named 'Stoats Nest and Cane Hill' (1899-1910) or simply 'Stoats Nest'[114] and replaced the earlier 'Stoats Nest Station', which was further north, 'Coulsdon and Smitham Downs' (1911), 'Coulsdon West' (1923), 'Coulsdon North' (later in 1923). The station closed in 1983. It was on the Quarry Line and included terminal platforms and sidings.[109]Coulsdon Town. Named 'Smitham' (1904), 'Coulsdon' (2010),[115] 'Coulsdon Town' (2011). On the Tattenham Corner line.[109][116]Reedham (Surrey). Named 'Reedham Halt' (1911), 'Reedham (Surrey)' (1980). On the Tattenham Corner line.Kenley. Named "Coulsdon" (1856), it was intended to serve the residents of Old Coulsdon. The station was shortly renamed as "Kenley". On the Caterham Line.Woodmansterne. Opened in 1932, meeting the demand from new housing in the area. On the Tattenham Corner line.[117]References Edit ^ a b "Check Browser Settings". statistics.gov.uk.^ Surrey County Council^ "London's Natural Signatures" (PDF). Natural England - Access to Evidence.^ [1] Royal Holloway, University of London. Department of Geography. Title: Reconstructing a Palaeolithic Landscape. Dated 2011^ "- English Heritage". english-heritage.org.uk.^ Volume 9 of the Bourne Society's Local History Records (1970)^ [2] Excavations in the Saxon Cemetery on Farthing Down, Coulsdon. John Wickham Flower^ a b [3] Surrey Archeological Society. Volume 6. Article "Notices of an Anglo-Saxon Cemetery at Farthing Down, Coulsdon, Surrey "^ Surrey Archeological Society. Volume 50. Article "Celtic Agriculture in Surrey by Brian Hope-Taylor" [4]^ "Farthing Downs". The Megalithic Portal.^ [5] Surrey Archeological Society. Volume 64. Article "hoard of late bronze age things at crooksbury hill, coulsdon."^ [6] Surrey Archeological Society. Volume 38 . Article "shunaway plantation" 1928. bronze found.^ Croydon Council planning document^ [7] Croydon Council report on parks and open spaces^ [8] Tales from Chertsey Abbey by Lucy Wheeler^ [9] Highways and Byways in Surrey, by Eric Parker. Date 1908.^ Chaldon Church Origins with Coulsdon parish at chaldonchurch.co.uk^ Surrey Domesday Book Archived 15 July 2007 at the Wayback Machine.^ http://www.domesdaymap.co.uk/place/TQ2959/coulsdon/ Coulsdon^ a b c d e f g H.E. Malden (editor). "Parishes: Coulsdon". A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 4. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 20 October 2013.^ "Parishes: Coulsdon". british-history.ac.uk.^ Hugh McCullough. "Coulsdon Lords of the Manor". oldcoulsdon.co.uk.^ [10]^ Croydon Natural History and Scientific Society ISSN 0309-6149^ The Story of English commons and forests. Commons Preservation Society. Lord Eversley [11]^ Down with the Fences^ The Times (london, England), Monday, 21 May 1883; pg. 12; Issue 30825.^ a b Riddledown History^ a b The Corporation of London: Its origin, constitution, powers, and duties. City of London (England). Corporation Oxford University Press, 1950.^ [12] Conservation report^ Report on the Dedication Of Coulsdon Commons. The Times (london, England), Monday, 21 May 1883; pg. 12^ Webmaster. "Plaque 24 - Smitham Bottom Infants School, Smitham". bournesociety.org.uk.^ Croydon Council. Local List of Historic Parks and Gardens December 2008 [13]^ Lewis, S. (1848). A Topographical Dictionary of England. London: Samuel Lewis, p.145.^ Transport for London Archived 17 August 2012 at the Wayback Machine.^ Kish Vaja, Stonegate Pub Company. "Party at the Pub". partyatthepub.co.uk.^ http://www.newlondonarchitecture.org/project.php?id=486&name=sainsburyscoulsdon^ a b Surrey Gazette, 19 April 1864^ Auction, Lot number 15. Quarry 2006. Subterra Britannia Bibliographical Service [14]^ a b A century and a Quarter by C G Dobson. Published for private circulation by Hall and Co Ltd. 1951^ Effects of Mergers By Ruth Cohen, P. Lesley Cook. Page 127. References 'A Century and a Quarter' by C F Dobson, Hall and Co Ltd. 1951^ The Times, London, England, Monday, 1 July 1918; pg. 12^ The Times (london, England), Thursday, 1 July 1920; pg. 23^ The Bourne Society. Booklet "Bourne Society Records Volume 1".^ Appendix 4 to L B Croydon's Improving Coulsdon Centre^ 1905 book. by S.J Madge - Index to the Source Book of Materials for Local History.^ "The naming of Old Coulsdon". oldcoulsdon.co.uk.^ University of Nottingham - Institute of Name Studies School of English. "Key to English Place-names". nottingham.ac.uk.^ "Coulsdon Area History - PLACE NAME ORIGINS". spanglefish.com.^ Worcestershire Place Names by W H Duignan. Oxford university press. 1905. Page 45, reference to Coulsdon.^ Webmaster. "Bourne Society Maps, Plans and Sites of Interest". bournesociety.org.uk.^ Map of 1800^ [mapco.net/surrey1874/surrey28b.htm Map Of The County Of Surrey From Trigonometrical Survey With The Roads, Parks & Railways 1874.]^ a b "Smitham - Hidden London". hidden-london.com.^ Pikle http://www.pikle.co.uk/londoncross/londoncross8.html^ "A short history of St Aidan's Parish". st-aidans-parish.org.uk.^ "The Historical Gazetteer of England's Place-names". placenames.org.uk.^ Grid square map Ordnance survey website^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1188464)". National Heritage List for England. St John the Evangelist - Grade I listing^ Grid square map Ordnance survey website^ http://www.canehillpark.co.uk/userfiles/canehill_boards/^ http://www.canehillpark.co.uk/userfiles/pdf/Cane%20Hill%20Feedback%20Report%20final.pdf^ "Fears Chipstead will be 'garrotted' by traffic from 650-home Cane Hill development in Coulsdon". Surrey Mirror.^ "Protestors warn Cane Hill development in Coulsdon will cause traffic chaos - Croydon Advertiser". Croydon Advertiser.^ "Coulsdon mini-town 'could leave kids without a local school'". Your Local Guardian.^ Natural England, Farthing Downs and Happy Valley citation^ "St Aidan's Catholic Parish, Coulsdon". st-aidans-parish.org.uk.^ a b Village Histories - Coulsdon. The Bourne Society ISBN 0-900992-50-6^ Image. Surrey History Centre^ http://www.ccfworld.com^ "ページが見つかりませんでした - 錦糸町のデリヘルこぼれ話". ubmjc.org.^ "Old Coulsdon St John's Church". oldcoulsdon.co.uk.^ "Southwark Parish Directory". rcsouthwark.co.uk.^ Hugh McCullough. "Old Coulsdon Congregational Church". oldcoulsdon.co.uk.^ http://www.congregational.org.uk/content.aspx?id=3022^ "Old Coulsdon Hash House Harriers". och3.org.uk.^ "South London Harriers". southlondonharriers.org.^ "Kronos:". ejmas.com.^ Letters My Grandfather Wrote Me: Family Origins By Bryan Crawford 2011. ISBN 1456788531^ Jackson^ "British Museum - Image gallery: A representation of the famous battle at Smith in the Botton, near Croydon ... between John Jackson, & Thomas Futrell". British Museum.^ Sporting Magazine - Volume 12 - Page 78^ "British Museum - Image gallery: Dan beating the Phillistines". British Museum.^ "The Jewish Quarterly". jewishquarterly.org.^ "History - Old Coulsdon Bowling Club". oldcoulsdonbowlingclub.co.uk.^ Coulsdon and Purley Chess club http://www.ccfworld.com/Chess/ChessClubHome/C&P_History.htm^ "CCF Chess Home Page". ccfworld.com.^ Map 1785^ http://www.delaunecc.org/Century%20Awheel.pdf^ "Woodcote Village". woodcotepgc.com.^ http://www.ccgc.co.uk^ British Pathé. "The Lord Mayor Of London". britishpathe.com.^ Croydon Council^ "Ashdown Park Golf Club", "Golf’s Missing Links".^ "London to Brighton - Mini Run 2015". london-to-brighton.co.uk.^ "Purley John Fisher Rugby". pjfrfc.co.uk.^ "Chipstead Rugby". chipstead.co.uk.^ M. "Edith's Streets". edithsstreets.blogspot.co.uk.^ Theatre Workshop Coulsdon^ https://grangepark.squarespace.com/^ http://www.ukcensusdata.com/coulsdon-east-e05000150^ http://www.ukcensusdata.com/coulsdon-west-e05000151^ "Oasis Coulsdon". oasisacademycoulsdon.org.^ [15] Wandle History^ Image showing the route through Coulsdon http://www.wandle.org/aboutus/mills/mcgowsir/images/13-21b.jpg^ Surrey Archeological Society. Volume 95. Article "The rise and fall of the Surrey Iron Railway, 1802-46." [16]^ A painting by G.B.Wollaston (dated 1823) of the bridge crossing the Chipstead Valley Road [17]^ "CHAPTER 7 THE EARLY AND MIDDLE YEARS OF THE SURREY IRON RAILWAY". wandle.org.^ a b c M. "Edith's Streets". edithsstreets.blogspot.co.uk.^ Cane Hill history^ Purley Residents^ a b "CR5 Issue 97 June 2013". yudu.com.^ Good Stuff IT Services. "Stoats Nest Road". ABC Railway Guide.^ Map https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:LB_and_SCRly_map_204.jpg^ Webmaster. "Plaque 27 - Smitham Station". bournesociety.org.uk.^ "So Long, Smitham!". southernelectric.org.uk.^ M. "Edith's Streets". edithsstreets.blogspot.co.uk.External links Edit Wikimedia Commons has media related to Coulsdon.Coulsdon West Residents' AssociationCoulsdon Community websiteHistory of the village of CoulsdonCoulsdon relief road scheme.The village of Old CoulsdonBeit Hallel Messianic Synagogue

  • 0 Frequently Asked Questions about skip hire Croydon

    5.00 of 1 votes

    Frequently Asked Questions What size skips are available from wastebusters croydon Skip Hire  WASTEBUSTERS  Skip Hire Ltd offers a wide range of skip sizes for just about every need with sizes measured in cubic yards. We offer all types of skips and containers from 2 Yd to 40 Yd RoRo. Which skip size is the right for me or my business? At WASTEBUSTERS Skip Hire Ltd we offer a full range of skips. Some are great for DIY, perhaps renewing that kitchen or bathroom, others are for more commercial uses. If you are unsure which skip is right for your project, please contact our skip hire specialists on 07707469270 We are more than happy to chat directly with you to ensure you get the skip you need. What materials CAN go into a skip? Our skips are for disposing of inert waste – wood, cardboard, old sofas or chairs. Basically, any non-hazardous waste materials can go into our skips. If you are uncertain, please give our skip hire specialists a call on 07707469270to discuss over the telephone. What materials CAN’T go into a skip? The following items are considered hazardous waste:• asbestos• paint• tyres• gas bottles• fridges• freezers• plasterboard• fluorescent tubes• light bulbs• vehicle batteriesIf you are disposing of any of the above, please give us a call on 07707469270 so we can help you to find an alternative solution. Where can the skips be placed? Skips need to be placed on private property. They cannot be placed on the highway without a permit, correct signage and lights wastebusters skip hire ltd provide lights and signage for the road  call us to arrange 07707469270  As the vehicles delivering to your house are very large please ensure there is sufficient access to the point where our skips need to be delivered. If you are unsure about access, please give us a call and we can provide you with the approximate dimensions of the lorry used to deliver the skip required. Do remember that due to the stabilising equipment on a skip lorry damage can sometimes occur to the ground where the skip is positioned. This is especially applicable to block paved and soft tarmac drives. For more information on this please contact us. Is my waste recycled? Yes, we use our state-of-the-art Recycling Centre to recycle nearly all waste we receive

  • 0 Some of the best things found in skips

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    Some of the best things that have been found in Skips. It’s great to have a good clear out - but some people just don’t know the value of what they are throwing away. Here are 5 of the most unusual and valuable things that have ever been found in skips! 1. Movie MagicWhen Site Manager Robert Farrow rescued a couple of old film canisters from a skip, he was astounded to find he had uncovered two lost Peter Sellers films. The 1957 films, Dearth of a Salesman and Insomnia is Good for You, were long assumed to be lost. 2. A Cinderella StoryAn honest worker for the refuse collection service Panda found €1500 in a shoe. Fortunately, the company were able to trace the owner - a lady with Alzheimer’s disease whose daughter had unknowingly thrown out the shoe - and return the money. 3. Retro Road HogPerhaps the most valuable skip find this year is this 1930s motorcycle. The Vincent HRD Series-A Rapide is one of only 65 ever made and is set to be auctioned. It is valued at £250,000! 4. A Towering SuccessThese photographs of Tower Bridge being constructed aren’t worth much money, but they are of enormous historical and cultural value. The 59-year-old caretaker who rescued them from a skip has donated them to the Tower Bridge Museum. 5. Caravan HolidayFrom the valuable to the downright bizarre: someone in South Wales thought they could dispose of their caravan by balancing it on top of a skip. The skip hire company refused to load it until the caravan had been broken down and placed more conventionally. Whatever you need to dispose of, we have the right size skip for your clearance. To discuss prices or to hire one of our skips for domestic or commercial use, give us a call on 07707469270or email info@wastebustersskiphire.co.uk and we will get back to you.

  • 0 skip hire in Croydon and surrounding areas

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      WASTEBUSTERS skiphire offer skip hire and rubbish clearance in Croydon and Sutton we will deliver skip for wait and load or hire we can't always help in the skip hire process we advise you in what size skip is best for you or even if you need a skip we can help with single item pick ups to 14 cubic yards in our caged tipper hire wastebusters skip hire are based in Sutton but offer skips in most places a list of places we Will deliver our skips   Sutton ,Croydon,Epsom,Mitcham,Kingston,Balham,streatham,Crystal Palace,gypsyhill,lewisham,Bromley,Beckenham,south Norwood,selsdon,warlingham,caterham,Coulsdon, purley,Kenley,Wallington, skip hire ,WASTEBUSTERS skiphire ,cheapskiphire,same day skiphire, SKIP HIRE IN CROYDON, SUTTON, MITCHAM, AND WIMBLEDONAddiscombeBalhamBansteadBeckenhamBeddingtonBeddington Beddington CornerBelmontBenhiltonBiggin HillBromleyCarshaltonCarshalton BeechesCarshalton on the Hill CaterhamCheamChipsteadEpsomEwellHackbridgeLittle WoodcoteMitchamMordenNew MaldenNorburyNorth CheamNorwood New TownOld Coulsdon PengePollards HillPurleyRose HillSandersteadSelhurstSelsdonShirleySouth BeddingtonSouth CroydonSouth NorwoodSt. HelierStreathamSutton Sutton High StreetThornton HeathTootingUpper NorwoodUpper ShirleyWaddonWallingtonWandsworthWest NorwoodWest WickhamWhyteleafeWimbledonWoldinghamWorcester Park

  • 0 Skip Hire in Sutton

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    THE WASTEBUSTERS SKIP HIRE PROVIDE SKIP HIRE IN SUTTON WasteBustersskiphire.co.uk (TM) provide 1 stop skip hire service in Sutton. We offer cost effective waste removals and skip hire in Sutton at competitive prices.  With the WasteBustersSkipHire you can be assured that when we say a skip will turn up it will. Check our sizes for skip hire in Sutton.  The WasteBustersSkipHire can give you a quote over the phone with just a few simple questions and when the WasteBustersSkipHire turn up on site we will give you a receipt and then collect payment eitheri by cash or credit/debit card.  All our teams are friendly and well mannered and our trucks are full LEZ compliant. Give us a call on the waste line to discuss your skip hire needs for Sutton now – 07707 469270 or email us at info@wastebustersskiphire.co.uk Skip hire, Waste Skip Sutton, Waste Disposal Croydon, Rubbish Skips, builders skips Waste Collection Sutton, Waste Disposal Sutton, Rubbish Removal, cheap skip hire skip hire in Sutton SuttonLong exposure night shot of Sutton Thomas Wall Centre clock lit up in evening sun, SUTTON, Surrey, Greater London Sutton, Surrey, Greater London, Trinity Church crown and lantern spireManor Park fountain SuttonFrom top, left to right: taxi turning outside Sutton railway station; clocktower of the Thomas Wall Centre; Trinity Church's crown and lantern spire; fountain in Manor ParkSutton is located in Greater London SuttonSutton Sutton shown within Greater LondonPopulation 41,483 (2011)[1]OS grid reference TQ255645 – Charing Cross 10.4 mi (16.7 km) NNELondon borough SuttonCeremonial county Greater LondonRegion LondonCountry EnglandSovereign state United KingdomPost town SUTTONPostcode district SM1 SM2 SM3Dialling code 020Police MetropolitanFire LondonAmbulance LondonEU Parliament LondonUK Parliament Sutton and CheamLondon Assembly Croydon and SuttonList of places UK England London The sign at the junction of the historic turnpikes in Sutton town centreSutton is the principal town of the London Borough of Sutton in South London, England. It lies on the lower slopes of the North Downs, and has the administrative headquarters of the borough. It is located 10.4 miles (16.7 km) south-south west of Charing Cross, and is one of the eleven metropolitan centres identified in the London Plan.[2] An ancient parish in the county of Surrey, Sutton is recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086 as having two churches and two acres of meadow at that time. Sutton's location on the London to Brighton turnpike from 1755 led to the establishment of coaching inns, spurring its further development as a village. When it was connected to central London by rail in 1847, the village began to grow into a town, and there was significant Victorian-era expansion. Sutton's expansion and increase in population accelerated in the 20th century as part of the suburban growth of London. It became a municipal borough with neighbouring Cheam in 1934, and has formed part of Greater London since 1965.[3] Sutton has a theatre, the largest library in the borough, several works of public art, four conservation areas and a park and green at either end of the high street. It is home to a number of large international companies and the sixth most important shopping area in London, centred on Sutton High Street. Sutton mainline railway station is the largest in the borough, with frequent services to central London and other destinations. Along with Wimbledon Studios, Sutton is a hub for filming in south-west London.[4] Sutton is home to the Royal Marsden Hospital and the Institute of Cancer Research; there are plans to create the world's second biggest cancer research campus on the site. The town has among the lowest levels of crime in Greater London. Sutton is home to a significant number of the borough's schools, within a borough which is among the top performing authorities for education in the country. In 2011 Sutton was the top performing borough for GCSE results in England.[5] ContentsHistory Edit Origin of the name EditThe placename Sutton is recorded in the 1086 Domesday Book as Sudtone.[6] It is formed from Old English 'sūth' and 'tūn', meaning 'the south farm'. It was probably in relation to Mitcham and Morden that it was considered southerly.[6] The name was later applied to Sutton Common and the Sutton New Town development in the 19th century.[6] Pre 1700 EditArchaeological finds in the region date back over ten thousand years, but the first substantial evidence of habitation comes from the excavation of a Roman villa in Beddington. An implement from the neolithic age was discovered close to the junction of Sutton High Street and Carshalton Road.[7] The Roman road of Stane Street forms part of the northern boundary of the parish of Sutton. The course of Stane Street through the area is now followed by the modern roads Stonecot Hill and London Road, and designated A24 on road maps. Sutton was recorded as Sudtone in a charter of Chertsey Abbey believed to have been drawn up in the late seventh century when the Manor was granted to the Abbot of Chertsey by Frithwald, Governor of Surrey. Some sources state the early name as Suthtone or Sudtana instead. Other place names that appear in this charter are Bedintone (Beddington), Cegeham (Cheam), and Aeweltone (Carshalton). William The Conqueror's Domesday Book of 1086 assesses Sudtone: In the time of King Edward it was assessed at 30 hides; now at 8½ hides. There are 2 carucates in the demesne, and 29 villains and 4 cottars with 13 carucates. There are 2 churches, and 2 bondmen, and 2 acres (8,100 m2) of meadow. The wood yields 10 swine. In the time of King Edward it was valued at 20 pounds, now at 15 pounds. The Domesday Book adds that Sutton was about 800 acres in size, and had about 30 houses and a population of about 200.[8] It also states that the Abbot of Chertsey held the Manor. In 1145 the Prior of Merton had vineyards in Sutton. In 1538 the Manor was sold to King Henry VIII and granted to Sir Nicholas Carew of Beddington. When Sir Nicholas was sentenced to death for treason, the King seized the manor. Queen Mary later restored it to Francis, son of Sir Nicholas Carew. The Manor later became a Crown possession again until King Charles II granted it to the Duke of Portland in 1663, who sold it in 1669 to Sir Robert Long, who sold it that year to Sir Richard Mason. The Manor sold almost all of its land and has regularly changed hands since.[9] From the time of Domesday until the 19th-century establishment of local government and disestablishment of hundred courts, Sutton formed a parish in the Wallington hundred of Surrey, in the feudal system.[10][11] However, by the time of Richard II, the parish was exempt from paying feudal dues at the Hundred Court.[12] 1700 to 1900 Edit Painting of the first Cock Hotel by Thomas Rowlandson in 1789.[13] The tollhouse is to the right and the tollgate is in the centre.[14]Sutton was mentioned briefly in two early criminal cases heard at the Old Bailey. On 14 October 1685, Morgan Bourne of Stepney was found guilty and subsequently executed for counterfeiting Half Crown coins in Sutton.[15] During part of 1721 and early 1722, George Simpson, a highwayman and member of a notorious gang robbing mail coaches leaving London, hid in Sutton before returning to London and being arrested and hanged.[16] The area around the road from London to Banstead Downs through Sutton, in particular the highway across Sutton Common, was a haven for highwaymen during the early modern period.[17] A public house called Little Hell, located beside the Brighton road at the junction with Sutton Lane, was reputed to be a meeting place for highwaymen and their pursuers; the window shutters had spyholes through which watch was kept for highwaymen.[18][19] In 1755, a turnpike road from London to Brighton was constructed, meeting with a turnpike road from Carshalton to Ewell which was constructed at the same time. The toll bars for Cheam Road and Brighton Road were originally located at right angles to each other by the Cock Hotel, a coaching inn that sat on the south-east corner of the junction of the turnpikes. The inn's sign straddled the Brighton road, and its proprietor was the champion pugilist, "Gentleman" Jackson.[13] Its name originated from the cock horses needed along this part of the road. Twenty horse and carts passed up and down this stretch in a day. The London to Brighton stagecoach began in 1760, and the Cock Hotel was the 9 a.m. breakfast stop for coaches leaving the city two hours earlier. Regular contact beyond the town brought both expansion and sophistication. Small businesses opened up, at first directly related to travellers on the turnpike – bakers and brewers to feed visitors, seamstresses to provide running repairs and leather workers to make or mend harnesses – and then to provide trade goods for neighbouring communities.[8] All three of the toll bars moved further away from the junction after a number of years to take account of account of Sutton's expansion. The northernmost toll bar was situated where Rosehill is now. The toll bars remained in effect until 1882.[9] The Nightingale pub, formerly the Jenny LindSutton railway station was opened on 10 May 1847. Following the arrival of the new, fast link to central London, Sutton's population more than doubled between 1851 and 1861, and the village developed into a town. New housing to accommodate this growth was constructed in the Lind Road area, and called the "New Town". A pub on the corner of Lind Road and Greyhound Road was called The New Town. Another, built in 1854, was named the Jenny Lind, after the famous Swedish opera singer Johanna Maria Lind, who was visiting friends in the area in 1847 and enchanted locals with her singing. It has recently been renamed the Nightingale, also after the singer who was known as the Swedish Nightingale.[8] Sutton Water Company was incorporated in 1863, and the provision of water mains finally allowed houses to be built outside of the area defined by the water-yielding Thanet Sands. The Lord of the Manor at the time, Mr Thomas Alcock, sold land that was previously unsuitable for residential buildings, making it available for new construction. Sutton's population more than doubled again in the next ten years between 1861 and 1871,[9] helped considerably by the development of upmarket Benhilton to the north of the town. Main article: BenhiltonThe 1870-1872 Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales describes Sutton: Sutton, a village and a parish in Epsom district, Surrey. The village stands adjacent to the Epsom railway, 4½ miles WSW of Croydon; consists chiefly of one street; is the head polling place for Mid-Surrey; and has a post-office under London S, a railway station with telegraph, and two hotels.—The parish includes Ben-hilton group of new villas at Been Hill, numerous other new villas and cottages, and the South Metropolitan District school. Acres, 1,803. Real property, £12,061; of which £30 are in gasworks. ...[20] Bank at the historic crossroads Sutton Masonic HallThe High Street near the top was known as Cock Hill until the 1880s – the shops on the east side were built in 1880, ten years later than those on the west side.[21] A notable building to appear around this time was the grand and decorative London and Provincial Bank building (now home to Barclays Bank), which was built overlooking the historic crossroads in 1894. It is four storeys tall and forms a prominent landmark when arriving in the town centre from a westerly direction. There is a series of arches at ground level, and the main entrance is on the corner where the two roads meet, rounded in shape and surrounded by an ornate architrave and segmental pediment.[7][14][22] Main article: Barclays Bank building, SuttonIn 1884 Sutton High School for Girls was founded by the then Girls' Public Day School Trust. In 1899 Sutton County Grammar School (now Sutton Grammar School for Boys) opened, initially with just nineteen pupils. In 1897 Sutton Masonic Hall was built in Grove Road by freemasons from the locality. Freemasons have met there since its foundation, apart from a two-year interval during the Second World War when the military requisitioned the hall. It also served as a temporary shelter for people displaced from their homes.[23] It was built by a locally known architect, Richard Creed, and local builder, Duncan Stuart & Sons of Wallington. The building features three central bays projecting under a tympanum, supported by pilasters on the second storey.[14] In 1896 to 1898 a new Cock Hotel was built on an adjacent site to the north of the original one, which was demolished shortly afterwards.[24] 20th century Edit Sutton High Street, Christmas, 1910 The clocktower and façade of the Thomas Wall CentreBy 1901, the town's population had reached 17,223, as housing was built for workers and the middle class.[25] By the beginning of the 20th century, the High Street had become heavily built up. In 1902 the Banstead Road site of the South Metropolitan Industrial school was bought by the Metropolitan Asylums Board. The site later became the Downs Schools and then the Downs Hospital. It is now shared between the Royal Marsden and Sutton Hospitals and the Institute of Cancer Research.[26] Sutton's main post office moved into new premises adjacent to the Masonic Hall on Grove Road in 1907 from its former site at 14 High Street.[8] The Sutton Adult School and Institute opened in 1910 in a large Edwardian building in Benhill Avenue. It later became the Thomas Wall Centre,[27] named after the area's benefactor of Wall's sausage and ice cream fame. Thomas Wall's own lack of education led to a desire to encourage learning in others, resulting in the establishment of a trust and the construction of the Institute. The first section of the building, which contained assembly halls, opened in January 1910, and an extension opened in April 1911. The adult school is said to have had the best premises in the UK: by 1915 there were mens', boys' and girls' social clubs, a reference and a lending library, clubs for maternity and horticulture, debating and temperance societies, a legal advice committee, bible study and English literature classes, and what was claimed to be the finest gymnasium, excluding those in prisons, in southern England, which was available to both sexes.[28] In 1934 Sutton Baptist church opened in the town centre, a short distance from the existing St Nicholas Church and Trinity Church. During World War II bombing was not as heavy as in central London; despite this, the Commonwealth War Graves Commission lists 187 civilian casualties for Sutton and Cheam. Between 1940 and 1944 a total of 434 bombs were dropped on Sutton and Cheam, and a local "bomb map" was produced after the war recording the date, time, location and type of each bomb.[29] In 1950, in order to widen the High Street, the Cock Hotel was demolished, and not rebuilt. However, the inn sign, complete with its finger-posts, survives overlooking the historic town-centre crossroads. Another former pub was the Greyhound, which in 1932 had a gantry sign over the High Street. The pub's name survives in the street name Greyhound Road.[30] In 1959 a local resident, George Edgar Alcock, started a campaign to preserve a unique avenue of copper beech trees. This campaign led the same year to the formation of the Sutton and Cheam Society, a local amenity group which still exists today and of which Mr Alcock was secretary for many years. A plaque commemorating his life is situated at the junction of the road Christchurch Park with Brighton Road.[31] Governance Edit Sutton came within the area of the Metropolitan Police District in 1840. The parish authorities lost control of poor relief in 1834 when the parish was grouped into Epsom Poor Law Union. This led to the parish forming part of the Epsom Rural Sanitary District from 1875. The parish of Sutton adopted the Local Government Act 1858 in 1882 and a local board was formed to govern the area, which was constituted a local government district. The Local Government Act 1894 reformed it as Sutton Urban District, governed by an urban district council. In 1928 the area of the urban district was expanded, by the addition of the parish of Cheam. The urban district was renamed Sutton and Cheam to reflect this. The urban district council successfully petitioned for a charter of incorporation and the town became a municipal borough in 1934. Having only nominal existence within a municipal borough, the civil parishes were merged in 1949.[10] The municipal borough was abolished in 1965 and its former area became part of the London Borough of Sutton in Greater London. For Westminster elections, Sutton is part of the Sutton and Cheam constituency, which was formed in 1945. The sitting Member of Parliament for the constituency is Paul Scully, a member of the Conservative Party. Population and demography Edit Sutton (parish) population1881 10,3341891 13,9771901 17,2231911 21,2701921 21,0631931 27,989Absorbed bySutton and Cheam parish ►source: UK census[32]Most of Sutton, including the town centre, falls under the SM1 postcode area, though places south of Sutton railway station are part of SM2 instead, and the western part of Sutton Common is in SM3. The population of the town, comprising the Sutton Central, Sutton West, Sutton North and Sutton South wards, was 41,483 in the 2011 census.[33] A majority of the town's population is in the ABC1 social group.[34] Geography Edit Trinity Square from aboveGeology, soil and elevations EditSutton is one of several towns located on a narrow bed of Thanet Sands which extends from Croydon in the east, to Epsom in the west. To the south of this belt is chalk of the North Downs, and to the north is clay.[35] The belt of Thanet sands allowed wells to provide clean water, whereas the clay to the north mostly offered surface water of unsuitable quality. This feature attracted settlements to the sand belt from a very early date. The Sutton and Cheam Water Company was founded in 1863 with a capital of £8,000: it began operations on 1 January 1864 and the main waterworks were in south Sutton. Total takings in the first quarter were £11.14s.2d. By 1900, it had built a total of 142 miles of mains. The company amalgamated with the East Surrey Water Company in the 1990s to form Sutton and East Surrey Water.[36] The Pyl Brook, as seen in the Hamilton Avenue Recreation GroundElevations range from 115 m AOD in the south of Belmont (a contiguous neighbourhood formerly considered part of the town) (or 85 m on the borders of the two places, south of the railway station)[37] to as low as 23 m in the Sutton Common neighbourhood north of the High Street and at the start of the Pyl Brook, the major tributary of the Beverley Brook. Benhilton in north Sutton is significantly elevated above the surrounding area. Great Grennell, the hill on which St Helier Hospital and Greenshaw High School is located, is up to 64 m above sea level; Benhill to the south, approximately where Oakhill Road meets Thicket Road, is 60 m; Angel Hill is 53 m.[38] Sutton lies around 50 metres (160 ft) above sea level. Location EditSutton has formed part of Greater London since 1965.[3] Despite this, "Sutton, Surrey" is often used for addresses in the town.[39] Apart from being inaccurate, this is also problematic as there is another, much smaller Sutton in Surrey proper, about five miles south-west of Dorking.[40][better source needed] Sutton mainline railway station is known as "Sutton (Surrey)" by Southern Railway Ltd.[41] Green spaces Edit Autumnal trees on Sutton GreenIn addition to the St Nicholas church grounds, there are two larger areas of green space within the town centre: Sutton Green is at the lower (northern) end of Sutton High Street, near All Saints Church. It is bordered by a row of detached Victorian villas to the west, the High Street to the east and Bushey Road to the south. The green dates from 1810 when it was awarded to the residents of Sutton under the Sutton Common Enclosure Award. Victoria Gardens, a smaller area of green space which once included a pond, lies across the road from Sutton Green.[42] Main article: BenhiltonJust to the north of Sutton Green there are more extensive green spaces in the form of Rose Hill Park East and Rose Hill Park West, situated to the east and west respectively of the main thoroughfare Angel Hill/Rosehill. Rose Hill Park East contains Greenshaw Woods, for which Greenshaw High School is named. Fountain, Manor ParkMain article: Manor Park, SuttonManor Park is situated opposite the police station. The park was officially opened by the Chairman of the then Sutton Urban District Council in 1914, and its fountain was added in 1924-5. A plaque on the pool surround states: "This fountain was presented to the town by Councillor Chas Yates Chairman of Sutton U.D.C.1924-25"[43] Manor park is the site of the Sutton War Memorial. The memorial was unveiled at a service in June 1921 by Sir Ralph Forster, a wealthy local resident whose son died in the war.[44][45] The memorial, in portland stone, consists of a large ornamental cross on a plinth.[46] 524 men who died in the First World War are commemorated on the memorial. Sutton War MemorialThere are also four angels on the plinth overlooking the park.[46] The current Manor Park Café opened in October 2010, replacing an earlier one. This eco-friendly, thirty-seat café has a range of environmental features, in particular its straw-bale construction. The café building was erected using UK produced straw-bales and natural sustainable materials, a type of construction which means that the building could last for longer than 200 years. It was designed by Amazonails Architectura designers, and constructed by a mixed team of builders.[47] It was London’s first energy-efficient building to use this method of construction.[48] Main article: Banstead DownsIn the south of Sutton starts Banstead Downs, which extends for around a mile further south towards neighbouring Banstead. Banstead Downs is a large Site of Special Scientific Interest, covering 430 acres (170 ha). Banstead Golf Course is on the northern slopes. Local Nature ReservesSutton contains two Local Nature Reserves.[49] The Anton Crescent Wetland reserve has ponds, willow carr and reedbeds, and the ponds never dry out as the rock formation is Oxford Clay. The pools and mud provide a habitat for birds such as the green sandpiper and common snipe. In 2005/6 the Environment Agency funded the installation of a pond-dipping platform and boardwalk.[50]Devonshire Avenue Nature Area is a Site of Borough Importance for Nature Conservation, Grade II. It is mainly neutral grassland, but it also has areas of chalk grassland, scrub and trees. A notable species is the small blue butterfly, which is rare in the borough. Plants include the nationally scarce ivy broomrape, and kidney vetch and bird's-foot trefoil.[51]Architecture Edit   The Georgian, Grade II listed "Sutton Lodge" Ornate commercial architecture in Sutton High St.Sutton is mainly the product of the railways, which arrived in the town in the mid-19th century. So, although it already existed (as a village with coaching inns) in the horse and carriage era, most of the town's earliest architecture is Victorian.[citation needed]A few buildings do, however, date from before the Victorian era. The Georgian Sutton Lodge on Brighton Road is thought to be the oldest surviving building in the former parish of Sutton, other than a few fragmentary remains and boundary walls. The building is formed of a three-bay central block, with matching north and south wings of two bays. The Sutton Archives record that on 16 August 1762 John Wells handed over to a London merchant called Thomas Thomas "a new brick messuage and dwelling house with the several stables, granaries, oasthouses, edifices and buildings upon the said [Downs] close, lately erected and built by the said John Wells". The lodge served as the farmhouse of the former Sutton Farm. Later, the farmland around the lodge was progressively sold off for house building. The Lodge itself survived and was bought by Sutton Council, for use as a day centre for senior citizens.[52] During its early history, an apocryphal story was that the lodge had also served as a hideaway for the future King George IV (the Prince Regent) to have trysts with his mistresses.[8][53] The building is Grade II listed.[54] The High Street and the central area housing has a majority of Victorian architecture; Edwardian architecture is also represented, especially among the town's housing stock. Of architectural interest because of its particularly varied style is the Victorian residential quarter east of the high street known as Newtown. The variety resulted from the fact that no single developer was in overall charge, with instead several different builders being responsible for their own small plots.[8] One of the main builders was George Wilks, who was responsible for several of the finest examples of Victorian houses. The town also features a variety of more recent architectural eras and styles from the 1930s (including some art deco and moderne), for example the handsome brick Baptist Church in Cheam Road designed in 1935 by architect Nugent F. Cachemaille-Day [55] right up to the 21st century. The three most prominent examples of the latter are the Aspects of Sutton and Lamborne apartment buildings and the new police station extension. Sutton's Edwardian Police StationAspects was created out of a former office building; it was reclad in a terracotta colour and three additional floors were added at the top to house a number of penthouses, and, with a total of eighteen floors, it can be seen from across Sutton. By contrast, the slightly less tall Docklands-style Lamborne building is completely newly built; it is finished in white with wooden inserts and is balconied throughout.[citation needed] In 2003 the extension to Sutton Police Station was completed and officially opened the following year by Commissioner Sir John Stevens. The extension, which is far larger than the original Edwardian listed building to which it is attached, is used by Sutton CID, the criminal justice unit and the borough intelligence unit.[8] Conservation areas Edit Landseer Road Conservation Area housesMain article: Conservation areas in Sutton, LondonThere are four Conservation Areas in the town of Sutton itself (among several others within the wider borough). One of these is in the town centre, while the other three are residential: Grove Avenue, Landseer Road and the Sutton Garden Suburb.[56] Russettings Edit Russettings as seen from rear garden Russettings heritage signRussettings is a large house built in 1899 on a three-quarters of an acre plot at 25 Worcester Road. It was among the last of a number of similar upper middle-class houses built in the latter part of the 19th century in this and neighbouring roads. It was originally occupied by George Smith and his wife Mary, who was the sister of local benefactor Thomas Wall. Smith had his initials GS put on the façade of the red-brick building, which was designed by Frederick Wheeler in an Arts and Crafts style. Features include gabled roofs, large chimneys, bay windows, a green copper dome and a porch with a tiled roof and marble floor. With the newly formed London Borough of Sutton in 1965, the house became the Sutton Register Office and was refurbished in 1994 to provide accommodation for the registration of births, marriages and deaths and a marriage suite.[57] Places of worship Edit Three main churches are in the town centre: Trinity Church, Sutton Baptist Church and St. Nicholas Church. Trinity Church and St Nicholas Church are opposite each other on the western street parallel to the High Street, while the Baptist Church is situated nearby, in Cheam Road. The Salvation Army have a centre in Benhill Avenue. Among a number of other churches in the vicinity of the town, there are All Saints Church just to the north of the town centre, St Barnabas to the east and Christ Church to the south (all Anglican), and two Roman Catholic churches, Our Lady of the Rosary to the east, and the Church of the Holy Family on Sutton Green. Sutton Synagogue is located on Cedar Road, just south of the town centre.[58] Trinity United Reformed and Methodist Church Edit Trinity Church, Cheam Rd side Trinity Church in the springMain article: Trinity Church, SuttonThe Grade II listed Trinity Church is traditional in style, with its exterior in Kent ragstone. Its "crown and lantern" spire, however, is a very unusual feature, shared with two cathedrals — St Giles' Cathedral in Edinburgh and Newcastle Cathedral.[59] The present building, officially opened on 2 October 1907, was renamed Trinity Methodist Church following the Methodist Union in 1932. In 1972 the Congregational and Presbyterian Churches united, and the Congregational and Methodist congregations in Sutton also united, with Trinity becoming a joint United Reformed and Methodist church.[60] Sutton Baptist Church Edit Trinity Church (left) and Sutton Baptist Church (right), Cheam RoadIn contrast to the other two town centre churches, the Baptist Church is relatively modern—it was designed by the architect Nugent Cachemaille-Day (1896-1976) using mainly traditional materials, such as brick and tile, in a style influenced by the Arts and Crafts Movement. Built by Messrs. Pitchers Ltd. of Holloway, the church took little more than half-a-year to build, commencing in January 1934 and opening in September the same year, and its notable design aroused interest not only locally, but in church and architectural circles nationwide.[61] The church is a noted example of a contemporary brick building in the Borough of Sutton. The design has proportions with long walls and concave sweeps in the moderne style. The windows are in simple clean lines, in a simplified Gothic style. The interior has much exposed brickwork and sweeping pointed arches, which are highlighted by the directions in which the bricks are laid, and its clean simplicity is in tune with the ideals of the Arts and Crafts Movement, as well as the later modern architectural movements.[62] St Nicholas Church Edit St Nicholas churchyard St Nicholas clocktowerMain article: St Nicholas Church, Sutton, LondonThe Grade II listed St Nicholas Church[63] is the oldest of the three town centre churches, and is surrounded by a small ancient graveyard, which is wooded. It is in ecumenical partnership with other denominations and in a Team Ministry with other Anglican churches. Many of Sutton's notable historic residents are buried in the churchyard. These include Mr Horward Orme, the final owner of the manor house, and 185 orphans from the Metropolitan District School. The orphans' graves are marked by a memorial put up by the church's Sunday school children in 1921. A large World War II bomb landed on the churchyard in September 1940. It caused the destruction of several graves, but the church building itself remained intact.[21] All Saints Church Edit All Saints Church, floodlitMain article: All Saints Church, BenhiltonJust to the north of Sutton town centre at the foot of Angel Hill in All Saints Road is All Saints Church, Benhilton. Its large size and prominent location make it a local landmark. Its parish was created in 1863, and the foundation stone of the Grade II* listed building was laid in the same year, designed by Samuel Teulon in the Gothic Revival style. English Heritage describe the church as "a very fine building in the decorated style of the early 14th century". The building owed much to Thomas Alcock who was then lord of the manor, and gave £18,000 towards the building, plus the land for the church, the vicarage and a school. The church was conceived as an amenity for an estate of upper class Victorian housing which Alcock was developing on the land to the east.[64][65] St. Barnabas Church EditTo the east of the town centre is St Barnabas Church, which was built between 1882 and 1884 by architects R H Carpenter and Benjamin Ingelow. Its purpose was to serve the Newtown area of Sutton, which was developed in the second half of the 19th century. Architecturally, it is a red brick building with stone dressings, and is in the Gothic Revival style. Its nave has five bays, and is supported inside by columns with clustered shafts and a timber scissors truss roof.[66][67] Christ Church Edit Christ Church, SuttonTo the south of the town centre in Christchurch Park sits Christ Church, Sutton. It was built in 1888 by architects Newman & Jacques and builders Gregory and Company of Clapham for £8,000. It was sited among the then lavender fields east of Brighton Road. Additions were made c. 1910 to 1912 by J D Round. The church has the largest auditorium in Sutton, and comprises a nave of five bays, a chancel, apse, north and south aisles, chapel, narthex and vestries.[68] [69] Church of Our Lady of the Rosary and Church of the Holy Family EditTo the east of the town centre, at south end of St Barnabas Road, is the Church of Our Lady of the Rosary. It was built in 1892 and consecrated that year by Monsignor Patterson. Plans to enlarge the church came to fruition in 1912, and in 1932 the church's current altar, dedicated to the Rosary, was consecrated by the then Roman Catholic Bishop of Southwark, Peter Amigo.[70] The Church of the Holy Family, though closer to the town centre, is of more recent date, starting as Holy Family Church Hall in the 1960s. The current church was built in 1988, two years after being given its own parish.[71] Culture Edit Sutton has a range of public art, a large library, a music venue and a cinema and theatre. It is also a hub for filming in south-west London.[4][72] Mosaic on the side of the Sutton Centre for Independent Living and Learning (Scill)Imagine festival of arts EditIn 2006 the annual Imagine festival of arts was launched. It has since gained Arts Council England funding. Artists featured include John Hegley, Dog Kennel Hill Project, composer Fraser Trainer.[73] Public art EditThe town centre features six examples of public art. Sutton heritage mosaicThree of the six works are creations on the side walls of buildings. Sutton heritage mosaic EditMain article: Sutton heritage mosaicIn addition, there is a large town centre mosaic measuring 9 metres (30 ft) high and 5 metres (16 ft) wide, and covering the whole of another three storey wall in the town square near the Waterstone's bookshop. One of the largest examples of wall art in Britain, it was commissioned by the London Borough of Sutton to celebrate the borough's heritage. [74] Created by Drostle and Turner, the mosaic was made from vitreous ceramic tesserae (small tiles made of glass and clay), and put in place in 1994.[8] It was designed by Rob Turner, and shows several aspects of Sutton's heritage and local history in a classical geometric pattern with nineteen black and white panels set against a multi-colour background. The centre-piece is the depiction of Henry VIII's palace at Nonsuch. Other panels depict armorial bearers from the old local families, as well as industrial and architectural heritage.[75] The Sutton Heritage Mosaic with High Street buildings behindA plaque describing the panels was installed in 2011, and unveiled by Councillor Graham Tope, Executive Member for Community Safety, Leisure and Libraries, who said: This beautiful mosaic has been a much-loved feature of our High Street for the past 17 years, but unless you're a historian the chances are you would not know what all of the intricate panels mean. I hope this plaque will encourage people to take a look, and for those already familiar with the mosaic, I hope it will help them to appreciate it even more."[74] Wellesley Road mural Edit Art in Wellesley Road, SuttonThere is a third example of such building-height wall art, situated in Wellesley Road, about a hundred yards south of the mainline railway station. It was created by the street artist, Eva Mena, who is from Bilbao in Spain and a leading practitioner in the urban art movement. The mural dates from 2008,[76] and was completed in three days.[77] It was specially-commissioned by the owner of a cleaning firm keen to promote local art, and depicts an image of Erykah Badu, the American singer-songwriter, record producer, activist and actress. It shows her head, face and shoulders, with beads and multiple bangles which she is wearing held up in front of her, while pink and purple flower petals complete the image. The painting covers the entire side wall of Indepth House, a small office building occupied by the cleaning firm. Sutton twin towns mural EditMain article: Sutton twin towns mural The painting of Gagny Sutton twin towns mural The painting of MindenThe twin towns mural consists of a set of seven individual murals on one side wall depicting scenes of the London Borough of Sutton and its four European twins:[78] Gagny, a suburb of Paris; Gladsaxe (a suburb of Copenhagen) in Denmark; Minden in Germany; and Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf in Berlin. The paintings are inset within seven mock window frames, positioned along the north flank of a Victorian commercial building at the southern end of the High Street near the train station at the junction with Sutton Court Road. The murals were designed and painted (on to plywood) by professional public artists artists Gary Drostle and Rob Turner and were unveiled in 1993 to commemorate the 25th anniversary of Sutton's twinning with Wilmersdorf. The five twins are each painted with their heraldic shield above images of their key features. Each twin also has its own plant to symbolise its environmental awareness; in the case of Sutton this is in a separate smaller painting above the main one and depicts a beech tree, from which Carshalton Beeches in the borough derives its name.[79][80] Sculptures EditSutton armillary EditMain article: Sutton armillary The Sutton armillaryIn addition to the wall art, there is a Millennium Dial armillary, which was dedicated to the town in the year 2000 by the Rotary Club. It is in the form of an historical timepiece, and it serves three purposes: firstly, simply to tell the time; secondly, to commemorate time through various inscriptions including the Rotary motto "Service Above Self" and distances to nearby areas such as Kingston upon Thames; and thirdly, to commemorate the work which the Rotary Club has done.[81] The Sutton armillary is a popular feature of the town, and it continues to provide a focus for the town centre.[82] It will remain as a permanent memorial, marking not just the new millennium but also the central part that the Rotary has played in the welfare of Sutton since 1923. It was originally installed in the centre of a small "Millennium Garden", but was slightly re-positioned in 2011, since when it has stood on the edge of the new central square in the town, directly in front of a bookshop. The Messenger Since 1981 two outside sculptures have been installed. The Messenger EditMain article: The Messenger (sculpture in Sutton)First, The Messenger statue, a sculpture in bronze with very dark patination completed by David Wynne, OBE in 1981 of a large horse and rider. The horse, with a slightly raised left leg, looks towards the railway station. The rider, seated bareback, raises his left hand in the air above his head and his right hand to his mouth, as if calling. It is fully life-size and mounted on a 7-foot plinth of marble and granite slabs. The total height is 150 inches.[83] The statue was commissioned by the then Business Press International Ltd, and upkeep of the work now falls to Reed Business Information, who occupy Quadrant House.[83] It was a major commission for the sculptor, which took four years from his first idea and inspiration on receipt of the brief through roughing out, refining and foundry to the final unveiling and installation.[84] The creation is located directly outside the main entrance to Quadrant House (in the Quadrant), adjacent to Sutton railway station. Transpose 2002 EditSecondly, the Transpose 2002 sculpture by Michael Dan Archer, located at the junction of Carshalton Road and Langley Park Road, about 250 yards from the town's historic central crossroads. It is 7 metres (23 feet) in height, 1.5 metres (5 feet) in width and 1.5 metres in depth, and made of Chinese granite and stainless steel. It is composed of a steel blade-like structure next to a granite form. The blade contains a grid allowing the sun to shine through on to the granite.[85][86] It was commissioned jointly by Chartwell Land, B&Q and the London Borough of Sutton.[87][88] As its name suggests, it dates from 2002. Archer says his sculptures "primarily invoke the massiveness and physicality of stone and its relationship to architecture, humanity and landscape".[89][90] The design, location and dimensions of Transpose 2002 all combine to make it a significant landmark for those entering Sutton town centre from an easterly direction along Carshalton Road. Transpose 2002Literary facilities EditSutton Library is situated close to the top of the town, near St Nicholas Church and the Holiday Inn Hotel, and is part of a complex which contains the Civic Offices, home of Sutton Borough Council, and the Sutton College of Liberal Arts. It is the largest library in the borough. Opened in 1975, it was extensively refurbished in 2004 to meet changing customer needs. It was the first public library to appoint a library writer-in-residence; the first to establish a CD and video lending library; and the first to offer a full public library service on Sundays. The library is arranged over four storeys, and the lending and reference facilities extend to a reader's lounge; café and shop; IT facilities; opportunities to listen to music; and a children's library themed around the world's environments.[91] Art exhibitions are held in the library's Europa Gallery. Literature Wall sculpture, Copthal House, Grove Road[92]Sutton is referred to in two rhymes. The original dates back to the 18th century, referring to the time when sheep were grazed there. The other rhyme was a revision of the original in the Victorian era. The rhymes are:[93] “ Sutton for mutton;Carshalton for beeves;Epsom for whores;And Ewell for thieves. ”“ Sutton for good mutton;Cheam for juicy beef;Croydon for a pretty girl;And Mitcham for a thief. ”Sutton Life Centre EditMain article: Sutton Life Centre Sutton Life CentreThe Sutton Life Centre situated in Alcorn Close, just off Sutton Common Road, is an £8 million facility designed to improve life chances for younger people and encourage good citizenship. Aiming to encourage community engagement and involvement, the centre was opened on 27 October 2010 by the then Deputy Prime Minister Nick Clegg.[94] The centre's key feature – The Lifezone – is a virtual street, a room with giant projection screens on all walls using film-set technology. It aims to provide an "immersive learning environment" through the use of surround sound, evocative lighting and interactive features. Using these media, pupils are shown real-life scenes from Sutton's streets to teach them about citizenship, personal safety and the environment.[95][96][97] Theatre and cinema EditMain article: Secombe TheatreTheatre The Secombe Theatre, night and dayThe Secombe Theatre[98] (named after Sir Harry Secombe) was in Cheam Road, adjacent to the Holiday Inn Hotel. The theatre was opened by Sir Harry, who lived in Sutton for over 30 years.[99] The theatre was created in 1984 out of a former Christian Science church building dating from 1937.[100] The theatre was operated together with the Charles Cryer Studio Theatre in Carshalton, formerly by the London Borough of Sutton.[101] In 2014 Sutton Council requested bids to take over the running of the theatres, and in January 2015 the bid by the new "Sutton Theatres Trust" was given approval by the council's environment and neighbourhood committee to take over the theatres.[102] In August 2016 the Trust went into administration and the theatre closed permanently.[103] CinemaThe former Granada Cinema, designed by Robert Cromie, opened in the town centre as the Plaza Theatre in Carshalton Road in September 1934 with the films Catherine the Great and Oliver the Eighth. Whilst the Plaza Theatre was built as a cinema, it also had a fully equipped stage and several dressing rooms, and put on pantomimes at Christmas. In common with many cinemas from that era, it has since been demolished (in 1975). The site is currently occupied by the office building, Sutton Park House.[104] Approximately half-a-mile northwest of the former Granada, there is the six-screen Empire Cinema, situated opposite the St. Nicholas Centre shopping centre. It was opened in 1991, at the same time as the centre. Media EditAlong with Wimbledon Studios, Sutton is a hub for filming in south-west London.[4][105] The Return of Mr Bean was filmed at Allders.[citation needed] Episodes of The Bill were filmed in Sutton. The sitcom Phoneshop, which began in 2010 and was broadcast on E4, was filmed on Sutton High Street. A local film director won the 2014 award in the 16-21 age category at the IAC British International Amateur Film Festival.[106][107] Scenes for the Hollywood film Black Sea were shot outside Sutton Grammar School on 1 August 2013. The film stars Jude Law, who appears in the scenes getting in and out of a car, while school children walk out of the school in the background.[108] Music EditSutton Symphony Orchestra[109] was founded in 1946, giving its first concert in November of that year. The orchestra has given an average of three concerts every season and almost every one has featured a solo item. The majority of concerts take place in Sutton, some at St. Andrew's United Reformed Church, Northey Avenue. There have been two charity concerts, at the Sutton Secombe Centre and the Epsom Playhouse. The Boom Boom Club in West Sutton[110] hosts regular rock gigs, often by classic rock bands such as Focus and the Strawbs. Historical note: The Rolling Stones Edit The Sutton pub where the early Rolling Stones gigs took placeThe Rolling Stones were spotted by a notable music promoter in 1963 at the then Red Lion public house (now the Winning Post) in Sutton High Street. The band played several early gigs there, and it was during a historic performance over half a century ago that the audience included impresario/music manager Giorgio Gomelsky, who spotted and signed the band up for a residency at Richmond's Crawdaddy Club, months before they made the charts and became stars.[111][112][113][114] Charlie Watts and Bill Wyman also became permanent members of the band at the then Red Lion Pub on 23 January 1963.[115] “ January 23, 1963: Charlie Watts and Bill Wyman become permanent members of the Rolling Stones with this day's gig at the Red Lion Pub in Sutton, Surrey. ”In 2011, the Winning Post was added to a list of buildings and structures of local significance.[116][117] Economy Edit The historic commercial heart of Sutton at the High Street crossroadsSutton is one of the eleven major metropolitan centres identified in the London Plan[2] in a borough that benefits from very low crime by London standards. The town contains a major retail district, centred on Sutton High Street. Sutton has over 6,800 businesses, an increase of about 19% since 1994.[118] Statistics published in March 2013 by business analysts Duport have found that 863 new companies were formed in Sutton in 2012, the highest number since records began.[119] Most of these are small or medium-sized enterprises, but several large businesses, such as Reed Business Information, the well-known media publishing company, are also present and have substantial office space in the town: Reed occupies the large Quadrant House office building adjacent to the mainline station, and is a major local employer. G4S is another significant company in the town, with office accommodation in the large Sutton Park House commercial building opposite Manor Park. Crown Agents Ltd, the international development company, is headquartered in St Nicholas House in the town centre.[120] Another important business locally is subsea engineering company Subsea 7. There is a town centre manager, who works in partnership with local businesses, the police and transport providers to promote the centre and its economic development. The manager acts as the focal point for putting into effect a range of initiatives funded by the Council and other partners. The initiatives are set out in a Business Plan approved by a representative Town Centre Management Group. "Opportunity Sutton"[121] and Sutton Chamber of Commerce[122] also play a part in promoting economic development in the town. Health and research Edit The Institute of Cancer Research, which is on the same site in South Sutton as the Royal Marsden HospitalThe Royal Marsden Hospital has a longstanding presence in Sutton, on a site at the southern end of the town acquired in 1962. The Institute of Cancer Research is located next to the hospital, and in November 2012 the Institute's Centre for Molecular Pathology opened.[123] In March 2014, The Royal Marsden Hospital, the Institute of Cancer Research and the co-located St Helier University Hospitals NHS Trust set out their vision to develop a "world class" life science cluster on the site. The initiative, known as "Sutton for Life", focuses on the provision of enhanced facilities for drug discovery.[124] The benefit to society of the work carried out at the Institute of Cancer Research led to its being named as the country's leading university, ahead of Imperial College, London School of Economics, Oxford and Cambridge. The then Mayor of London, Boris Johnson, visited the facility on 18 December 2014, and lent his support to the plans to create the world's second biggest cancer research campus on the site.[125] The new UK headquarters of Subsea 7In February 2016, further plans for the site were released: the "London Cancer Hub", a partnership between the Institute of Cancer Research, the Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust and the London Borough of Sutton, will bring together 10,000 scientists, and clinical and support staff and provide space for biotech and pharma companies to carry our research and development. The aim is to increase the number of clinical trials and innovative drugs, and to work in partnership with industry to increase treatments for patients. It is expected to do for South London what Tech City has done for East London.[126][127][128][129][130][131][132] As well as the expansion of the existing Royal Marsden Hospital and Institute of Cancer Research, the London Cancer Hub is also planned to include a new secondary school on the site, which will specialise in the life sciences.[133] Leisure facilities in the form of shops, cafés and hotel space for patients and families are also planned.[127][134] The Hub is expected to be twice the size - at 265,000 square metres – of the existing research and treatment space. It will facilitate collaboration between disciplines and institutions, by bringing together on the same premises those working in different scientific fields. By 2018 the Institute of Cancer Research will develop the first phase of the plans with 20,000 square metres of drug discovery research facilities. This will include incubator space to nurture spin-out companies, biotechnology companies and pharmaceutical research and development.[135] In September 2016 Sutton Council's housing, economy and business committee approved a provisional framework of the plans. It was noted that site’s transformation would attract a total investment of £1 billion over its lifetime.[136] Town centre regeneration Edit Art deco commercial building in Sutton High St Victorian commercial buildings in Sutton High Street Grand Parade, Sutton High Street Sutton High Street near its junction with Sutton Court RoadMain article: Sutton High StreetA number of major building projects are underway in the town centre:[137] Sutton Point, was granted planning approval in mid-2013, and initial work by developers CNM Estates started in spring 2014. At the southern end of the town centre, it will include a hotel, apart-hotel, apartments (with a car club), a health club, shops, restaurants and office space.[138] Construction of the £90 million scheme has been awarded by CNM to building firm, Ardmore, and is due for completion in August 2018.[139][140] The Old Gas Works,[141] a major development by LXB Retail Properties PLC at the north end of the High Street area, including apartments, a Sainsbury's supermarket, a mix of retail units, a landscaped square and public art was approved in December 2013 after a public consultation process.[142] The 'equivalent of 463 new full-time jobs' will be created, when the project is completed, planned for 2016.[143] The scheme represents a £50 million investment in the town.[144] Subsea 7 is expanding its presence in the town through the construction of new offices[138] on a site once occupied by Quakers[145] and later a 630-space car park. IPC Media, who then had offices in Quadrant House, had exclusivity rights to certain floors of the car park to guarantee parking for its staff; however, this arrangement ended when Reed Business Information, who now occupy their offices, encouraged their employees to use public transport.[146] In 2013, the car park was bought by Subsea7 from the council and it is being replaced by a five-storey, 17,500 square metre set of offices of modern design to become the company's new UK headquarters.[147] Four hundred jobs are planned to be added in Sutton, mainly by relocation from outside the town.[148] This will take the total workforce to 780.[149] Construction of the £39 million development by Galliford Try started in 2014, and is expected to be completed by late summer 2016.[150] In September 2015 the Council appointed a design team led by Bilfinger GVA to produce plans covering the next 15 years for the central area of the town. The plans will include identifying sites for new housing and commercial space, a possible new primary school and improved transport links, including the introduction in 2020 of trams to Sutton station. The plans for commercial space will include redeveloping sites to attract under-represented retailers. The plan will require the retention of the "high-quality Victorian, Edwardian and Mock Tudor buildings that reflect the historic core of the town centre"[151] In February 2016 a draft masterplan entitled "Sutton 2031: Planning for our Future" was published by the Council. Its plans include new developments, enhanced public space and improvements to transport. It will include: "A range of immediate High Street projects""Transforming the St Nicholas Centre""Creating a new south London destination with culture, leisure and restaurant activity""Redeveloping the Civic Centre""Creating an enhanced residential neighbourhood at the north of the town centre""A new employment development at or above Sutton rail station""Transform the gyratory"[152]Retailing Edit All Bar One, SuttonMain article: Sutton High StreetRetailing historyRetailing has long been a major part of the Sutton economy, with its High Street dating from the Victorian era. The oldest retail business currently operating in Sutton dates back to the 1860s – Pearson Cycles was originally a blacksmith shop, but in the 1890s changed to bicycle making and repair. The Pearsons have run the cycle business from the same High Street location ever since.[153] It has been recognised by Guinness World Records as the oldest bicycle shop in the world.[154] Retail environmentSutton town centre currently has over four hundred retail outlets occupying more than 120,000 square metres of floor space.[155] It is London's sixth most important retail centre, and attracts shoppers from a wide area. It is often the chosen location for new retail ventures.[156] An example of this is that the Sutton branch of the Waterstones bookshop chain was the first to have a café installed.[157] Sutton High Street starts at Sutton Green and extends for nearly a mile south to Sutton mainline railway station, just beyond the junction with Grove Road.[158] Many of the country's High Street names are represented in the central area.[159][160]   Shopping centresIn recent years, two covered shopping centres have been added to the town, both situated in the central, High Street area.   The two-storey Waterstones Bookshop in Sutton High Street The Green Wall in Sutton High StThe larger of the two is the St. Nicholas Centre with three levels, and five levels for Debenhams, the anchor store. It attracts an average of 20,000 visitors per day Monday to Sunday, 35,000 on Saturday, and twice these figures during December.[161] Times Square is the smaller of the two.[162] It opened in 1985, and was granted planning approval for a refit in June 2014; work is currently underway, with completion expected in mid-2016.[162] The refit is assessed as being a "high quality refurbishment scheme which will make a significant contribution towards the regeneration of this part of the Town Centre."[163][164] It is expected to attract further major high street names.[165] Restaurants and barsSutton also has a number of restaurants, patisseries, coffee bars, gastropubs, clubs and bars, including the country's first branch of All Bar One.[166] The central area is pedestrianised during shopping hours, and the extra space encourages cafés, pubs and restaurants to provide pavement seating. Sutton's range of restaurants has expanded in recent years, and now includes examples of French, Spanish, British, Mexican, Malaysian, Thai, Pakistani, Portuguese, Turkish and Japanese cuisine, in addition to the more longstanding presence of Italian, Indian and Chinese establishments.[167][168] These include a French restaurant that is listed in The Good Food Guide[169] and is Michelin-listed.[170] Pop-up marketA "pop-up" market is held every month at the northern end of Sutton High Street. It is part of a programme to support local entrepreneurs starting their own business.[171] Products and crafts on sale include natural cosmetics, jewellery and handmade clothing.[172] Street performanceThe high street and town square host street performers, whose range includes live music, arts and theatre. Markets are held from time to time, including French, Italian and Continental markets, as well as arts and crafts fairs.[160][173][174] In August and September the high street plays host to the outdoor "Sunset Cinema," where films are shown in the evening after the shops have closed to an audience seated in deckchairs.[175][176][177] The scheme, the only one of its kind in London, is designed in part to encourage patrons to utilise local restaurants and bars.[178] The High Street has hosted a Country music festival with live music and dancing for the last two summers.[179] A temporary mini-golf course is set up during August.[180] Green wallThere is a Green Wall, in the shopping area designed for aesthetics and to improve air quality and biodiversity. This "vertical garden" covers the façade of a large High Street store, and is in bloom all year round.[181][182] Transport Edit Clock installed in 2015 opposite the mainline station The former Sutton station c. 1905 Taxis by Sutton station in 2012Sutton station is the town's major station, from where frequent direct trains run to several main central London stations − London Victoria, London Bridge, Blackfriars, City Thameslink and, for Eurostar services, St. Pancras International. The station is served by both Thameslink and Southern. The fastest of the Victoria-bound trains from Sutton station take 25 minutes (stopping only at Clapham Junction). As well as these direct trains to central London, there are also direct services to destinations outside central London including Banstead, Dorking, Epsom, Horsham, Leatherhead, West Croydon, Wimbledon, Luton and St Albans. West Sutton and Sutton Common are both on the Thameslink lines to Wimbledon and on to central London direct. Being on the Thameslink line, they continue on to stations both within and the other side of London. Local bus services are operated by London General, Quality Line, Abellio London and Metrobus. There are also express coach services to both London Heathrow Airport and London Gatwick Airport.[183][184] Road traffic is diverted away from a largely pedestrianised town centre, and there are many designated cycle routes in Sutton, along with links to neighbouring towns.[185] There are three main car parks in the town centre and a car club.[186] As of mid-2014, a consultation was taking place into options for the route of a proposed Tramlink extension from Wimbledon to Sutton, with one option being to run the line down Sutton High Street.[187][188] Notable individuals Edit Quentin Crisp Noël Coward Katie Melua The Rolling StonesSee London Borough of Sutton for complete borough-wide list. The individuals listed below are specifically linked to the town of Sutton. Kim Acourt, modelJoan Armatrading, singer-songwriter & musician, lived in Sutton in the 1970s.Ben Barnes, actor, attended Homefield Preparatory School.David Bellamy, broadcaster and botanist, attended Sutton Grammar School.Sally Bercow, wife of the current Speaker of the House of Commons, John Bercow.Johnny Borrell, guitarist, singer and frontman of the band Razorlight.Noël Coward, actor and playwright, lived in Lenham Road, Sutton between the ages of seven and ten.[189]James Cracknell OBE, Olympic gold medallist in rowing.Quentin Crisp, writer, author, raconteur was born in Sutton.Clark Datchler, lead singer of Johnny Hates Jazz.Leonard Fuller ROI, founder of the St. Ives School of Art, lived in Sutton from 1908-1938 [190]Charles Hazell, recording artist better known by the stage name Sketchman, was born in Sutton in 1988.Catherine Holman, actressJames Hunt, racing driver and 1976 Formula One World Champion.Penelope Keith, actress, and famous